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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Heraclea||View Options:  |  |  |   

Heraclea, Thrace (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)

Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.


Galeria Valeria, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of Galerius

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Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RT91453. Billon follis, Hunter V 9 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Heraclea 43, SRCV IV 14593, Cohen VII 10, VF, well centered, dark brown tone, weight 4.755 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing facing, head left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, HTB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Pegasi Coins; $130.00 (114.40)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL89956. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, Choice VF, dark green patina, light marks, light corrosion, some reverse die wear, weight 2.827 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLA in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt.
RL91665. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 3(b)2 (S), LRBC II 1920, SRCV V 19754, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, well centered on a tight flan, small edge cracks, weight 3.092 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, dragging captive with right, SMHB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $80.00 (70.40)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL92032. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 108 (R3), SRCV V 17644, LRBC 1 896, Cohen VII 167, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, dark patina, traces of silvering, weight 2.728 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 135o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 328 - 329 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the Prince), camp gate with two turrets, star above, star left, SMHE in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics; very rare; $38.00 (33.44)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL88785. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, F, rough, earthen deposits, weight 3.017 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACL[...] in exergue; $24.00 (21.12)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL88611. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 106, LRBC II 1909, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, aF, dark patina, some corrosion, weight 3.059 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLB in exergue; $22.00 (19.36)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 326, Constantine reorganized the Roman army into smaller units classified into three grades: palatine (imperial escort armies), comitatenses (forces based in frontier provinces), and limitanei (auxilia border troops).
RL88666. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 82 (R1), LRBC I 876, SRCV IV 16230, Cohen VII 129, Hunter V -, F, well centered, earthen encrustation, weight 2.679 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT / XXX in two lines within wreath, SMHA in exergue; very scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Fausta, Augusta, 8 November 324 - Autumn 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL88805. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea p. 551, 80 (R1); LRBC I 875; SRCV IV 16572; Cohen VII 17, F, some silvering remains, well centered, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.375 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIP-VBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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On 14 September 335, Emperor Constantine I consecrated the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. On 31 December 335, Pope Sylvester I died at Rome after a 21-year reign. He was succeeded by Mark as the 34th pope.
RL88823. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 117 (R2), SRCV V 17336, LRBC I 905, Cohen VII 122, Hunter V -, F, green patina, teardrop shaped flan, edge crack, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 336 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHΓ in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 352, The Alamanni and the Franks defeated the Roman army and took control of 40 towns between the Moselle and the Rhine. The return of happy times, advertised by the reverse legend, was more a hope than reality.
RL88576. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Heraclea 82, LRBC II 1893, SRCV V 18144, Cohen VII 46, Hunter V 69 var. (2nd officina), aF, corrosion, earthen encrustation, weight 4.979 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 90o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier advancing left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground at feet, horseman is diademed, turns to face soldier, and extends left arm, Γ left, SMH∆ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)




  



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Heraclea