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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Aphrodite or VenusView Options:  |  |  |   

Aphrodite or Venus

Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Daughter of Zeus and Dione or, in other traditions, of Uranus. Symbols include the dove.


Parium, Mysia, c. 45 B.C.

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This type commemorated the foundation of the colony of Parium by Julius Caesar. It was founded with a twin colony at Lampsakos. The head is probably Venus and intended to flatter Julius Caesar, who claimed descent from Venus. The reverse was also like intended to honor Caesar, the Pontifex Maximus, the head priest of Rome. The praefericulum was a metal ewer used by Roman augurs and pontiffs to hold wine dedicated to libations. It was carried in religious processions and, like the lituus, praefericula were among the sacerdotal insignia frequently depicted on coins of the pontiffs and augurs.
RP88940. Bronze semis, RPC I 2255 (5 spec.); Imhoof-Blumer MG, p. 251, 123; BMC Mysia -; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, attractive red-brown patina, porosity, some pitting, weight 5.363 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, time of founding by Julius Caesar, c. 45 BC; obverse female (Venus?) head right, wearing stephane; C - G / I - P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Pariana - The Julian Twin Colony of Parium) around; reverse praefericulum (ewer), C MATVINVS downward on left, T ANICIVS downward on right, AED (aediles) below; $230.00 (195.50)


The Sileraioi, Sicily, c. 357 - 330 B.C.

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Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These rare coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in north central Sicily. The coins are often overstruck on coins from Syracuse minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze Calciati p. 301, 2; HGC 2 1243 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Mnchen -; SNG Morcom -, VF/F, reverse rough, weight 7.521 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; obverse ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), man-faced bull forepart charging right; reverse SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, shield in left; rare; $190.00 (161.50)


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

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Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP85912. Bronze trihemiobol, Lorber CPE B447; Svoronos 1005; SNG Cop 644; Weiser 107; BMC Ptolemies p. 52, 57; SNG Milan 199; Weber 854; McClean 9789; Noeske -; Hosking -, VF, dark patina, well centered, some red earthen deposits, porosity/light corrosion, central cavities, weight 17.135 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Paphos mint, series 5; obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), cult statue of Aphrodite standing facing on base, wearing polos, chiton and peplos, right arm across breast, left arm downward away from side; $180.00 (153.00)


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, Mn. Cordius Rufus, c. 46 B.C.

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The Cordia home, Tusculum, was a center of worship for the Dioscuri. The reverse is a clever play on the moneyer's name and may also compliment Julius Caesar who claimed descent from Venus. The particular design of Venus may derive from a statue placed in the temple of Venus Genetrix in the year of issue.
RR88400. Silver denarius, Sydenham 976, Crawford 463/1a, RSC I Cordia 2a, BMCRR I Rome 4037, RBW Collection 1606, Sear CRI 63, SRCV I 440, gF, attractive iridescent toning, off center, some marks, weight 3.586 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 15o, Rome mint, c. 46 B.C.; obverse RVFVS III VIR downward behind, jugate heads of Dioscuri right, wearing laureate pilei surmounted by stars; reverse MN CORDIVS (MN ligate) downward on right, Venus standing half left, scales in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Cupid at shoulder; ex The Time Machine; $180.00 (153.00)


Kassope, Epiros, c. 342 - 325 B.C.

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Kassope was an ancient Greek city in Epirus which occupied a magnificent and remote site on a high platform overlooking the sea, the Ambracian Gulf and the fertile lands to the south, and with the slopes of the Zalongo mountain to the north. The ruins are one of the best remaining examples of a city built on a rectilinear street grid of a Hippodamian plan in Greece. The city was founded in the middle of the 4th century B.C. as the capital of the Kassopaeans, a sub-tribe of the Thesprotians. It belonged to the Aetolian League and is mentioned in the war between Cassander and Alcetas II of Epirus in 312 B.C. The city flourished in the 3rd century B.C., when large public buildings were built. It was destroyed by Roman forces in 168 - 167 B.C. and abandoned in 31 B.C. when the remaining inhabitants resettled to Nikopolis the regions new capital. Visible remains include the Cyclopean walls, an agora, a theater, and the prytaneion.Kassope

GB88313. Bronze AE 19, Franke, series 11, 21; Hunterian II p. 10, 1; Weber II 3003; SNG Cop 44 var. (ΓOΛY on rev.); BMC Thessaly p. 98, 5 var. (same), gF, rough pitting and corrosion, legend obscured, weight 6.379 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Kassope mint, c. 342 - 325 B.C.; obverse KAΣΣΩΠAIΩN clockwise above, head of Aphrodite right, wearing earring and crown ornamented with honeysuckle, hair rolled and in formal spiral curls down neck; reverse dove flying left within laurel wreath; very rare; $120.00 (102.00)


Roman Republic, Gaius Norbanus, 83 B.C.

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In 83 B.C., Sulla returned from Greece and defeated the popular forces led by the consul Norbanus (probably the father of this moneyer). The reverse type alludes to the elder Norbanus' activity during the Social War, when he raised troops, organized a fleet, and provisioned the town of Rhegium.

Fasces, from the Latin fascis meaning "bundle," is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces originated with the Etruscans and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate's power and jurisdiction. The image has survived in the modern world as a representation of magisterial or collective power, law and governance. The fasces frequently occurs as a charge in heraldry. It was the origin of the name of the Mussolini's National Fascist Party in Italy (from which the term fascism is derived). It is on the reverse of the U.S. Mercury dime and behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives.
RR88001. Silver denarius, RSC I Norbana 2, Sydenham 739, Crawford 357/1b, BMCRR I Rome 2810, SRCV I 278, aF, light toning, scratches, banker's mark, weight 3.458 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 83 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Venus right, wearing single drop earring and pearl necklace, Roman numeral control number behind, CNORBANVS below; reverse fasces between grain ear on left and caduceus on right; $110.00 (93.50)


Uranopolis, Macedonia, c. 300 B.C.

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The globe on this coin type of Uranoplis is the earliest known depiction of the earth in its actual shape. The exact location of Uranopolis is unknown, though perhaps the city was located on the peninsula of Athos. -- Wikipedia
GB88226. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 455; SNG ANS 914; SNG Evelpidis 1363; BMC Macedonia p. 134, 2; AMNG III 3, aVF, green patina, porous, weight 3.456 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonia, Uranopolis mint, c. 300 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays representing the sun; reverse Aphrodite Urania seated facing on globe, wearing chiton and peplos, star on head, long scepter vertical in right hand, OYPANI∆ΩN downward on right, ΠOΛEΩΣ downward on left; $110.00 (93.50)


Roman Republic, L. & C. Memmius L.f. Galeria, 87 B.C.

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This issue was struck by two brothers, Lucius and Gaius, sons of Lucius Memmius Galeria, moneyer in 106 B.C., whose type they imitate. EX SC indicates this type was struck by special decree of the Senate. See Roman Names in NumisWiki to learn how to read the abbreviations in moneyer names.
RR88388. Silver denarius, Crawford 349/1, Sydenham 712, RSC I Memmia 8, SRCV I 262, RBW Collection 1328 var. (control), BMCRR I Rome 2421 ff. var. (var. controls, no rev. L), gF, bright with some luster, weak reverse center, porosity, reverse slightly off center on a broad flan, weight 3.768 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 87 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn left, harpa behind, EXSC (ex Senatus Consulto) below, reversed L (control symbol) below chin; reverse Venus in a slow biga walking right, nude, reins in both hands and long scepter in left hand, cupid flying left above holding open wreath, LCMEMIESLF / GAL in exergue; $110.00 (93.50)


Nagidos, Cilicia, c. 420 - 280 B.C.

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Nagidos, a colony of Samos, was located in Cilicia on a hill at the mouth of the Sini Cay (Bozyazi Dere) near modern Bozyazi in Mersin Province, Turkey. Nagidos minted coins with a grape cluster as a symbol of the city, some with both Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, and one type bearing the name of the Persian satrap Pharnabazus. Aphrodite appears most often on the coins, indicating her sanctuary was the most important in the city. Alexander the Great conquered Cilicia in 133 B.C. After his death, Cilicia briefly came under Seleucid rule. About 270 B.C., the Ptolemaic Empire conquered Cilicia. When the city of Arsinoe was founded on land claimed by Nagidos, the Nagidians refused to recognize the settlers. To resolve the dispute, Nagidos was designated as the mother city and the citizens of both shared a single citizenship. Cilicia came under Seleucid rule in 197 B.C. Nagidos was abandoned in the middle of the second century B.C., possibly due to attacks by the Cilician pirates.
GS88168. Silver obol, SNG BnF 11, Trait II 1507, Gktrk 3 var. (NAGΓ), SNG Levante 3 var. (types right); Lederer Nagidos -, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycaonia -, VF, toned, obverse off center, die wear, light marks, mild porosity, weight 0.716 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 270o, Nagidos (Bozyazi, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 380 B.C.; obverse head of Aphrodite left, with hair in sphendone; reverse bearded head of Dionysos left, NAΓI upward on left; ex Triskeles auction 26 (VAuction 334), lot 188; $95.00 (80.75)


Roman Empire, Anonymous, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.

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Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by the emperor himself at a similar event.
RB87147. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 25; King Quadrantes p. 71, 7, VF, thin flan, some striking weakness, very light corrosion/deposits, weight 0.954 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right, no legend; reverse dove standing left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 40 (28 Oct 2017), 558; $80.00 (68.00)




  



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Aphrodite or Venus