, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
was the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and . claimed direct descent from the goddess through her son, , who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. sacrificed to her and believed she would ensure he was victorious. The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity. The on the was likely intended to advertise the beginning of a new age.
SH84760. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I Rome 4165, Imperators 106a, 1412, F, light , slightly off center on a tight oval , right side of unstruck, scratches, light , 3.603 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 270o, Rome mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays around a central pellet behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her right hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand, facing left, holding in both ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by Rome to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waved and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Paphos(?),
visited the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos in 69 A.D., when the future emperor was on his way to . He consulted the oracle of Aphrodite, and was told that he had a great future.
The 1.2 mm high gray-green conical stone, which once stood at the center of the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos, was found by archaeologists near the temple and is now in the Museum in Nicosia. It is not a meteorite. RP59007. Silver , 1809, F, encrustations, 5.636 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 0o, Paphos(?) mint, AYTOKPATΩP TITOC , laureate left; NEOY IEPOY, temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, conical stone ( ) at center, Θ in ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as . According to , and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of Rome. , being of the , claimed direct descent from and . built a Temple of in his new . Most depictions of on Roman coinage are of the statue in the , and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.RS79617. Silver , C388c, 212, 13, C25, 7106, EF, fantastic portrait, mint luster, tiny green spots of encrustation, 3.246 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 225o, Rome mint, reign of , 216 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right; (Mother ), enthroned left, extending right hand, long vertical in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.GS84906. Silver , 25; 278; 81; series 1, pl. 3, 22, aEF, , tiny edge splits, 0.611 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 378 - 372 B.C.; female right (Aphrodite?), wearing earring, necklace, and diadem; Aramaic right, helmeted male (Ares?) right; ex Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 231; $210.00 (€186.90)
Nagidos, , c. 420 - 380 B.C.
Nagidos, a colony of Samos, was located in on a at the mouth of the Sini Cay (Bozyazi Dere) near modern Bozyazi in Mersin Province, Turkey. Nagidos minted coins with a grape cluster as a symbol of the city, some with both Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, and one bearing the name of the Persian Pharnabazus. Aphrodite appears most often on the coins, indicating her sanctuary was the most important in the city. Alexander the Great conquered in 133 B.C. After his death, briefly came under Seleucid rule. About 270 B.C., the Ptolemaic Empire conquered . When the city of Arsinoe was founded on land claimed by Nagidos, the Nagidians refused to recognize the settlers. To resolve the dispute, Nagidos was designated as the mother city and the citizens of both shared a single citizenship. came under Seleucid rule in 197 B.C. Nagidos was abandoned in the middle of the second century B.C., possibly due to attacks by the Cilician pirates.GS83594. Silver , 14, 4410, II 1505, 176 var. (N left), 3 var. (NAΓI), -, -, gVF, attractive , , small on edge, 0.72 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Nagidos (Bozyazi, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 380 B.C.; of Aphrodite right, hair in ; bearded of Dionysos right, N right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66799. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.768 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $110.00 (€97.90)
Mytilene, , 400 - 350 B.C.
Mytilene on the southeast edge of , opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to , creating a and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of with Methymna, on the side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.GS76292. Silver , , p. 185, 8-14 var.; 368 var.; 7749 - 7750 var.; 1037 (R1) var.; 5670 var. (none with grapes), VF, nice , grainy surfaces, uneven , 1.290 g, maximum 11.7 mm, 180o, Mytilene mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; laureate of right; of Aphrodite right, hair rolled, MY behind, bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left; very variety of a - we were unable to find another example with the grapes control symbol; $110.00 (€97.90)
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