and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $360.00 (€320.40)
Phaselis, , 500 - 466 B.C.
Partial . The was re-struck off-center over a of the , leaving two clear impressions.GA83588. Silver tetrobol, 4396, 1200 var. (ΦA above galley, Σ below), -, -, VF, , , die wear, die cracks, partial , 3.507 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 90o, Phaselis mint, 500 - 440 B.C.; prow of war galley right in the form of a boar's forepart, partial with letters ΦA visible on ; stern right, ΦAΣ above, all in square; ex Numismatics, e-sale 21 (31 Oct 2015), 368; $260.00 (€231.40)
Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
A skilled general and administrator, rebelled against , uniting Gaul, Spain, and Britain into a Gallic-Roman empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).SH66364. Bronze , 87, 143 ( ), 177, VF, 13.981 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 0o, Agrippinensis or mint, 261 A.D.; IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS , , draped, and right; (the joy of the Emperor, AVG in ), galley left, four rowers and steersman; $240.00 (€213.60)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
Pacensis (or Pacifica) was founded by . The colony assumed his family name, , and on account of Vespasian's devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom he built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis (or Pacifica).RP77123. Bronze AE 22, 1746-1749 (same dies); 454, 3023(?); -, gVF, nice , nice , die wear and crack, 6.695 g, maximum 22.4 mm, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind, centration dimple; CO-L FL PAC DEV,LT (LT in ), prow of galley left on waves, ram's on point of ram, octopus and swimming left beside hull above waves; Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 31 (3 May 2015), lot 313; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.
The as is the only bronze struck by these .RR76801. Bronze as, I Rome 2632, 350A/3c, 722b, 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, 13.454 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; laureate of , I (mark of value above); OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $225.00 (€200.25)
Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.
(or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR77516. Bronze as, 313/2, 575 (very ), I Rome 1357, 1160, 733, gF, , light corrosion, edge cracks, 24.804 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; laureate bearded of , I (mark of value) above; Prow right, of decorating (prow-stem), standing left before prow and placing on of , L MEMMI (ME ) above, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., , Thracian Chersonesos
in Chersonesos Thraciae (on the Gallipoli peninsula) issued gold and silver coins under Alexander the Great and from the early 2nd century A.D. struck Roman provincial and colonial coins.RP84057. Bronze AE 17, 872 (same dies), 2888 (R6) var. (legends, grain above prow), -, -, -, -, -, VF, nice green , cutting off much of the legends, marks, 4.166 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 135o, mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; - ANTONINVS (or similar), laureate right; AEL MVNI COELANI (or similar), war galley prow left; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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