, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess , founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the strike their silver and there." (4.3.2)
SH84233. Silver , 167a, 451, 137, 1373, 1610, EF, nearly as struck, lustrous, slight die wear, 3.887 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; DIVI•F, right; bull butting right, IMP•X in ; $1530.00 (€1361.70)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI76363. Bronze tetras, , E, 193.3; III p. 55, 19; 1224; 167; 546, EF, , nice green , a few light marks, nose a little flat, 3.341 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 135o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ), radiating locks, no hair band, fierce expression, knitted eyebrows, chubby cheeks; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right, facing, holds lizard with downward in claw, three pellets (value mark) in ; $700.00 (€623.00)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; (valor of the two emperors), standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, flanking across ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.
In 36 A.D., Herod Antipas suffered major losses in a war with Aretas IV of , provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. ordered , the governor of , to capture or kill Aretas, but was reluctant to support Herod and abandoned his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.SH84234. Silver , , group 5, 152; 30 (C); 60; 16a; 1763, gVF, , , die wear, , light marks, 3.670 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 45o, ( , France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; , laureate right, laurel ties fall in small undulations (waves); , Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long vertical behind in her right, branch in left, feet on footstool; $630.00 (€560.70)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $600.00 (€534.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and accepted his claims. He married Thea, daughter of Ptolemy of . With his father-in-law's , he defeated Demetrius and became the Seleukid . After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius . Balas was defeated and fled to where he was murdered.GS84619. Silver , II 1781.3a, 118, 875a, EF, excellent Hellenistic , lightly , slightly off center, some die wear, light marks, light deposits on , 16.950 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 45o, Antioch on the (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 152 - 146 B.C.; diademed right, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY, Zeus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, offering him in his right hand, in his left hand, (control symbol) outer left, ΓΞP ( year 163) and (control symbol) in ; ex CNG e-auction 386 (9 Nov 2016), lot 328; $600.00 (€534.00)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
stands perfectly at her ease, with legs crossed and leaning on a column, clearly relaxed, having nothing to fear. was praised for restoring security by eliminating the fratricidal son of Severus, long feared as the most cruel tyrant of Rome, beloved only by a venal soldiery, whom his largesses had enriched.SH77277. Silver , 92b, 80, 122c (Antioch), 32 var. (draped, no ), 7365, EF, nearly as struck, light tone on luster, portrait, , small edge cracks, 3.140 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Rome mint, IMP C M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right; , standing facing, left, in right hand, left leg crossed in front of right, leaning with left forearm on column; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $500.00 (€445.00)
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