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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ HarmonyView Options:  |  |  |   

Harmony (Homonoia or Concordia)

In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of harmony, concord, agreement, understanding, oneness of mind, and marital harmony. The greek name for her was Homonoia. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. Concord between emperors and with the military was especially important and often the subject of coinage. Concordia is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).


Didius Julianus, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D.

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Didius Julianus was born in 133 A.D. and followed a military career. He rose to the rank of legion commander, then Consul and Proconsul of Africa. After Pertinax was murdered, the Praetorian Guard (the emperor's personal bodyguard force) advertised that they were offering the throne to the highest bidder. If not the richest, Didius Julianus was one the richest men in Rome and offered 25,000 sestertii for each man! The Roman people were incensed by the auction and several provincial governors rose up against him. As Septimius Severus approached Rome, only 66 days into his reign, Didius Julianus was betrayed and beheaded by the Praetorians. Coins of Didius Julianus are very rare due to his short reign.
SH89750. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1 (R3), RSC III 2, BMCRE V 2, SRCV II 6072, Hunter III -, F, excellent portrait for the grade, nice toning, legible legends, small edge cracks, weight 2.859 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 28 Mar - late May 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing half-left, legionary aquila (eagle) standard in right hand, signum standard in left hand; very rare; $850.00 (748.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, E, PXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "E" in the reverse field is the first letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "P" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the first officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA87620. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 480; Pink VI-1 p. 67, em. 9; Cohen VI 121; SRCV III 11965 var. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV 142 var. (same), Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, near full silvering, mint luster, areas of dark tone, weight 4.308 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and mantled bust left, holding an eagle-tipped scepter; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing slightly, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, E left, PXXI in exergue; $260.00 (228.80)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In 263 A.D., King Odenathus of Palmyra declared himself ruler of the area west of the River Euphrates and was given the title Dux Orientalis by Emperor Gallienus.
RB86184. Orichalcum sestertius, Gbl MIR 92h, RIC V J209, Cohen V 132, Hunter IV J24 corr. (described with aegis), SRCV III 10467, aVF, tight flan, dark green patina with light earthen deposits, some corrosion, a few blue-green spots, tiny edge cracks, weight 16.198 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse CONCORDIA EXERCIT (harmony with the army), Concord standing left holding patera and double cornucopia, S C (senatus consulto) at sides low across field; the lighter blue-green spots are hard, not powdery, and do NOT appear to be active corrosion; $200.00 (176.00)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Homonoia was the Greek goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RX89791. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann 22.2, Milne 454, Geissen 317, Emmett 233, RPC II 2463, Dattari 422, BMC Alexandria 278, aVF, toned, some die wear, some porosity, weight 10.153 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 79 - 28 Aug 80 A.D.; obverse AYTOK TITOY KAIΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOY ΣEB, laureate head of Titus right; reverse OMONOIA, Homonoia seated left, olive branch in right hand, feet on footstool, LB (year 2) lower left; ex FORVM (2010); $200.00 (176.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius was originally a fleet commander sent by the first Tetrarchs to rid the Northern seas of Saxon and Frankish pirates. He soon turned to piracy himself, before fleeing to Britain and declaring himself emperor. His natural cunning enabled him to resist all attempts to dislodge him. In 293 Constantius I captured his continental stronghold of Boulogne. Soon after Carausius was murdered by his chief minister Allectus.
RA73481. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 762 (R), Webb Carausius -, King Unmarked -, Hunter IV -, Cohen VII -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Bicester -, gF/aF, green patina, tight flan, weight 4.137 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 225o, unmarked (London?) mint, c. mid 286 - 287 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign 'moustache' portrait; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Emperor standing right clasping hands with Concordia, no mintmarks; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very rare; $170.00 (149.60)


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to harmony between the emperors, Volusian and his father Trebonianus Gallus.
SL89820. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 169 (S), RSC IV 25a, Hunter III 6 var. (no star) SRCV III 9743, NGC Ch AU, strike 5/5, surface 5/5 2021972-206), weight 3.27 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 195o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, star behind; from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins; scarce; $160.00 (140.80)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The reverse of this coin is dedicated to harmony with the army. Nothing was more important to the usurper emperor Carausius. The soldiers had made him emperor; yet, as had been proven time and again, an emperor was always at risk that his soldiers would betray and assassinate him. His army remained loyal, but Carausius' was murdered by his chief minister, Allectus.
RA73264. Billon antoninianus, cf. RIC V-2 207 (R), Webb Carausius 255, Hunter IV 87, SRCV IV 13567, Cohen VII 37 (...P F AVG), aF, dark patina, crowded flan cutting off parts of legends and mintmark, encrustations, edge chipping, weight 2.769 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 287 - 291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG (or similar), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORD MIL (or similar), Emperor standing right, togate, transverse scepter in left hand, clasping right hands with Concordia, standing left, no field marks, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $90.00 (79.20)


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RX88859. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 120, Dattari 237, RPC I 5208, Milne 139, Kampmann 14.8, Emmett 124.3 (R4), BMC Alexandria -, F, toned, tight flan, a few marks, slight porosity, weight 12.196 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 56 - 57 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEBA ΓEP AYTO, laureate head right; reverse OMONOIA, Homonoia enthroned left, wearing chiton and himation, patera in extended right hand, L Γ (year 3) left; rare; $80.00 (70.40)


Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.

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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB87842. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 203a, Cohen V 10, Hunter III 14, SRCV III 9164, VF/F, nice portrait, partly squared flan, marks, scratches, corrosion, weight 17.715 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the Emperor and Empress), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; $70.00 (61.60)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS79558. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 32b, RSC IV 55, Hunter III 7, SRCV III 8932, VF, nice portrait, excellent centering and strike, frosty surfaces, edge cracks, weight 3.982 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; $65.00 (57.20)




  



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Harmony