, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.SL84530. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, NGC XF, strike 5/5, surface 2/5, scratches (4163183-004), 17.04 g, maximum 25 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $570.00 (€507.30)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $450.00 (€400.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.SL84532. Silver , I 94(6)b, 3359, 1511, 10g, NGC F, Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5 (4164845-004), 16.87 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 255o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, and A (control ) left, M (control symbol) under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $350.00 (€311.50)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
This coin is in an unusual slab with a clear plastic dome over the . The dome looks attractive but the coin is impossible to photograph. The coin is normally and evenly dark, much nicer than the photo with its strange banded light and dark reflections off the dome.
This commemorates acclamation as for the second time, recognizing the of Q. Lollius Urbicus over the Brigantes in Britain, and the construction of the Antonine Wall. SL84529. , 717b, 179, 252, 434, 4182, 1612 var. (No TR P), VF30 (4625583), mint, 143 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P , laureate and draped right, from behind; II, alighting right, wings spread, holding transverse with both , ( ) flanking at thighs; certified (slabbed) by , from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
was a female deity who personified the city of and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the of and requested permission to as a living god. "Republican" despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for jointly with dea . In the city of itself, the earliest known state cult to dea was combined with at the Hadrianic Temple of and . This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's . The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea with a in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.SL84528. , 1037, 1420, 169, 284, 233, 4977, VF30 (4625585), mint, Dec 171 - Dec 172 A.D.; M ANTONINVS - XXVI, laureate right; IMP VI ( 6 times, consul 3 times), seated left on , helmeted and draped, transverse spear on far side in right hand, resting her left forearm on round stacked upon an oval and a hexagonal , S C ( ) flanking across fields; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, certified (slabbed) by ; $195.00 (€173.55)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Eternal peace was just wishful thinking during the reign of (just as it has always been).SL84533. Silver , 41, 102, 23, 8939 var. (pax standing left), 12 var. ( ), NGC AU, strike 3/5, surface 4/5, 5.03 g, maximum 23 mm, 180o, mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; (eternal peace), Pax advancing left, branch in right hand, transverse in left hand; certified (slabbed) by NGC, from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.
In 162, sent to lead the war against . spent most of the campaign in Antioch, though he wintered at and summered at Daphne, a resort just outside Antioch. Critics derided Lucius' luxurious lifestyle. He took up a mistress, enjoyed the company of actors and would "dice the whole night through." The Syrian army was said to spend more time in Antioch's open-air cafés than with their units. The war was, nevertheless, a success. Despite Lucius' minimal personal participation, he was awarded the titles Armeniacus, Medicus and Parthicus and a triumph upon his return to in 166.SL76246. , p. 564, 1116; 249, M. 1396 var. (drapery not mentioned), NGC certified VG, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, lt. scrapes (4094568-014), 22.91 g, maximum 33.0 mm, 315o, mint, Dec 163 - Dec 164 A.D.; VERVS - AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; TR P IIII - , standing facing, right, nude to the waist, both wings visible on left, frond in right, resting left on inscribed VIC / AVG in two lines set on tree, ( ) flanking in lower fields; from the Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by .
David notes, "a previously unpublished variant of the series listed by (Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de ) on pages 163 and 164, numbers 155-6 and 159-61 (cf. , p. 134, 202-4)...good F, and interesting as an unpublished variant."RL70838. , unpublished variant; cf. XIII, 155-6 and 159-61; Lyons 202 - 204, gF, 3.451 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, as , 322 - 323 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear pointed forward in right, in left; BEAT TRAN-Q-LITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLG in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $125.00 (€111.25)
, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of
a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for in Roman art and literature.SL73983. , M1728; p. 575, 1194; 2; 47; MIR 24; 5496, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3761245-013), 26.30 g, maximum 29.3 mm, 0o, mint, 2nd issue, c. 166 - 169 A.D.; LVCILLA , draped right, hair elaborately waved and fastened in a ; , seated left on a basket (cista mystica) from which a snake is emerging, two stalks of grain in right hand, torch in left hand, ( ) flanking across ; ex Johnathan K. Kern; $110.00 (€97.90)
Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of
Ceres' known mythology is indistinguishable from Demeter's. Her virgin daughter ( ) was abducted by Hades to be his wife in the underworld. searched for her endlessly lighting her way through the earth with torches. While (Demeter) searched, she was preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. Some say that in her anger she laid a curse on the world that caused plants to wither and die, and the land to become desolate. Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger to the underworld to bring back. However, because she had eaten while in the underworld, Hades had a claim on her. Therefore, it was decreed that she would spend four months each year in the underworld. During these months grieves for her daughter's absence, withdrawing her gifts from the world, creating winter. Proserpina's return brings the spring.SL73986. Silver , 362, 421, 104, 4584, NGC , strike 5/5, surface 3/5, (4162520-008), 3.00 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 180o, mint, , 147 - 161 A.D.; , draped right; , standing facing, left, long torch in right hand, raising drapery with left; $80.00 (€71.20)
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