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Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.
Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.ME70465. Bronze follaro, MIR 10 135 (R2), MEC Italy III 227, F, both sides off-center, weight 1.120 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Messina mint, 1150 - 1151 A.D.; obverse MP − ΘY (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God), half-length bust of the Virgin Orans facing; reverse Arabic inscription arranged as a cross: umila five hundred forty five (struck in 545 AH), four dots arranged in a square in each quarter; very rare; $160.00 (Ä142.40)
ByzantineAnonymous Follis of Christ, Class G, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.
Orans, from Medieval Latin, means one who is praying or pleading, also Orant or Orante, is a posture or bodily attitude of prayer, usually standing, with the elbows close to the sides of the body and with the hands outstretched sideways, palms up.BZ71733. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class G; SBCV 1867, VF, well centered, weight 10.025 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obversebust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, scroll in left hand, to left IC, to right XC, border of large pellets; reverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, to left MP, to right ΘV; border of large pellets; scarce; $95.00 (Ä84.55)
Second Bulgarian Empire, Ivan Shishman, 1371 - 1395 A.D.
Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Shishman inherited the central portion of Bulgaria with the capital Tarnovo. In 1393, after three-month siege, Tarnovo fell to the Ottoman Empire. Ivan Shishman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal but Sultan Bayezit I had him beheaded on June 3, 1395.ME47142. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Moushmov 7454, pl. LXV 8, c. 0.60g, c. 15mm diameter, Tarnovo mint, c. 1380 - 1393 A.D.; obverse Czar standing facing, cruciform scepter in left, legend and monograms around; reverse half length figure of Virgin Orans facing, infant Christ's head facing at Her breast, M − Θ across field flanking head; VF or better, nice examples with the usual imperfect strikes and slightly wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.
Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own." BZ79671. Bronze tetarteron, SBCV 1968; DOC IV, part 1, 15; Hendy pl. 17, 7; Wroth BMC 59; Morrison BnF BnF 61/X/AE/11; Ratto 2148; Sommer 61.13, aF, well centered, weight 4.521 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, c. 1152 - 1160 A.D.; obverse the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing right, raising both hands, being blessed by manus Dei (hand of god) to upper right, MP - ΘV flanking across field; reverse MANVHΛ ∆ECΠOTHC, emperor standing facing, wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, long cross in right hand, akakia in left hand.; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (Ä40.05)