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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander I and Kleopatra Berenike, 101 - 88 B.C.
Alexander was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. In 110 B.C., his mother deposed his brother Ptolemy IX and he became king with his mother as co-regent. In 109 B.C., Ptolemy IX took back the throne but in 107 B.C. Alexander again became king with his mother as co-regent. In 101 B.C., he had his mother killed, and then ruled with his niece and wife, Berenice III. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took the throne for six months.GP85356. Bronze didrachm, Svoronos 1712, Weiser 181, Cox Curium 113, SNG Cop -, Malter -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, edge crack, beveled obverse, flan casting sprues, weight 20.056 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Paphos mint, c. 100 - 90 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing tainia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left on thunderbolt, heads left, wings closed, no symbol; $125.00 (€106.25)
Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, James I, 1382 - 1398
The Parliament of Cyprus named Jamesking while he was captive in Genoa. To gain his release James agreed to new privileges for Genoese merchants and accepted Genoese sovereignty over the captured city of Famagusta, something that no previous king had conceded. Until he was released, Cyprus was governed by 12 nobles. Some of them opposed his return. In April 1385, James returned to Cyprus and was welcomed at Nicosia with great enthusiasm. He was crowned in May 1385 in Saint Sophia Cathedral. After his crowning, his opponents were arrested and punished. He was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1389. In 1393, Leo VI of Armenia died, and James assumed the title of King of Armenia. He was formally given the title in 1396. That kingdom was by now reduced to the city of Korikos, which had been in Cypriot hands since its conquest by Peter I of Cyprus. Upon his death, James was succeeded by his son Janus.ME85300. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 113a; Metcalf Crusades 797; Schlumberger VII 9, aVF, toned, light corrosion, edge crack, tiny hole, legends difficult to read as usual for the type, weight 0.743 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Nicosia mint, May 1385 - 9 Sep 1398; obverse + IAQVE ROI DE, Lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERV3ALEm D, cross pattée; ex C. Subak (Chicago, Sep 1975); $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Cyprus, 15th Century A.D.
Deniers with rampant lion and cross types were struck by many of the Kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem. Types were struck with stars, pellets, or crosslets in the quadrants. Janus struck the type with an S in one quadrant. We do not know of another example with letters in more than one quadrant. Unfortunately we can't read the legends or the letters in the quadrants but it is possible a specialist could improve the attribution.CR68025. Billon denier, Unpublished(?), Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -, gF, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 270o, obverselion of Cyprus rampant left; reversecross pattée, a letter in three or four of the quarters; extremely rare; SOLD
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Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. The Silver Coinage of Cyprus, 1285-1382. (Nicosia, 1996).
Michaelidou, L. & E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus. From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008).
Neumann, J. Kupfermünzen. (Prague, 1858).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sothebys. The John J. Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades. Catalog of public auction, 6 March 1997. London.
Tziambazis, E. A Catalogue of the Coins of Cyprus (from 560 B.C. to 1571 A.D.). (Larnaca, 2002).
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