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Dates of operation: c. 289 - 40 B.C. and 20 B.C. - 476 A.D. Mintmarks: R, RM, ROM, ROMA, ROMOB, VRB ROM, SMR.
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This is the rarest and one of the rarest 1st century Roman . Only two museums, and ANS, hold examples. A further specimen was found in archeological context in Denmark in 1990s. Besides these, four additional specimens are known. This coin has the best portrait and is clearly the most attractive of the seven known. Jyrki Muona obtained it in 2002 at the NYINC from Glenn .
minted three separate issues. The first and second issues followed Galba's of 90% silver. Otho's third issue was debased to 80% silver. All coins of the third issue share the , perhaps to make it easy to distinguish the debased coins. One might think our coin is a error for Otho's third issue, . However, as have shown, this is not the case. If was a simple error, the would be 80% silver. This was struck in a second issue of 90% silver flans, probably during planning for the third issue, and perhaps only for testing. The was apparently not distributed, and was withdrawn, and melted when it was decided to debase the coinage and use the . It appears a small number were released, most likely by mistake.
RS85563. Silver , 10b; 6; 1958.217.1; 1; 1 (R3, 7 spec. known, all minted with the same die-pair), Nice VF, the best portrait and most attractive of the seven known specimens, light rose , a few light marks and spots of , 3.272 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP AVG TRP, right; , standing left, grain-ears raised in right hand, in left hand; rarest ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Glenn (NYINC, 2002); $5000.00 (€4450.00)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first mint portrait , and a highly sought after .
SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The on the is the corona civica, the oak awarded to Roman citizens ex (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with , who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
SH85460. , 37, 38, 24, 50, -, VF, and struck, 25.486 g, maximum 35.9 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; / P P / OB CIVES / in four lines within Corona Civica oak ; ex Stack's, Bowers, and Ponterio, 30 Oct 2014, Baltimore Auction, lot 242; ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
With this coin claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a event because was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.RS85543. Silver , 4 (R), 3, 3, 3, 2, 2156, F, excellent portrait, rose , marks and scratches, tiny edge crack, 3.268 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; PAX TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, in left; from the Lucas Harsh collection, ex Esty Collection; ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, Daughter of , Wife of , Mother of , Grandmother of
was the daughter of Marc Antony and , the wife of , the mother of , and a grandmother of . Renowned for her beauty and virtue, was revered by the Roman people. She was probably poisoned by or committed suicide. She never loved her son , calling him a monster and a fool, but he posthumously made her Augusta in 41 A.D. and issued all her coinage.
SH68887. Silver , 66, 111, 2, 1900, F, , 3.717 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 225o, mint, struck under , c. 41 - 42 A.D.; , draped right, wearing barley ; (consistency of the emperor), standing facing, draped as , long torch in right, in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; (R2); $790.00 (€703.10)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of , of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.
SH76980. Silver , 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."
SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $540.00 (€480.60)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
stands perfectly at her ease, with legs crossed and leaning on a column, clearly relaxed, having nothing to fear. was praised for restoring security by eliminating the fratricidal son of Severus, long feared as the most cruel tyrant of , beloved only by a venal soldiery, whom his largesses had enriched.SH77277. Silver , 92b, 80, 122c (Antioch), 32 var. (draped, no ), 7365, EF, nearly as struck, light tone on luster, portrait, , small edge cracks, 3.140 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, mint, IMP C M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right; (time of security), standing facing, left, in right hand, left leg crossed in front of right, leaning with left forearm on column; $450.00 (€400.50)
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