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Mesopotamia, Clay Cuneiform Tablet, c. 2400 - 700 B.C.
Ancient Mesopotamia and Sumerian culture is considered the "cradle of civilization" as they started mankind's recorded history, with great leaps in science, mathematics and the arts. Writing became an actual system during this time period. Both written history, science, and literature began with a piece of clay and a reed stylus. Cuneiform tablets are among the earliest writing specimens that still exist today. To date only a small percentage of cuneiform tablets have been translated. Reading and translating cuneiform is extremely difficult and a direct word for word translation is often impossible. Experts can, however, often decipher enough to get the gist of a tablet. The quality of deciphering and translation is closely related to the condition of the tablet. Most tablets are receipts for payments in kind, for example the number of lambs, goats, and oxen, donated to a temple or paid to the king. This tablet is untranslated but may be this type of receipt. AS87307. buff clay, 5.27 x 4.36 cm; complete and intact, from an American Collection, ex Edgar L. Owen Ltd.; $800.00 (Ä680.00)
Writings of Mankind, Alex G. Malloy Auction XVII, Spring 1990
Includes objects in the following categories: Cuneiform, Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, Aramaic, Edessan Syriac, Greek, Islamic (Arabic), Dravadian, Classical Latin, Late Latin, English, American Colonial, French, German, and Russian. BL00008. Writings of Mankind 1990, Alex G. Malloy Auction XVII, spring 1990, 123 lots, 68 pages, 40 plates; $6.00 (Ä5.10)
Inscriptions From the Athenian Agora
Many types of written records are found in the Agora, and this booklet presents a sample of the more than 10,000 inventoried inscriptions written on stone. The texts illustrated include diplomatic agreements, commemorative plaques for athletic victories, records of court judgements, boundary stones identifying different buildings, and fragmentary inscriptions featuring names (over 30,000 individual Athenians are now recorded). Description from The American School of Classical Studies at Athens.BL65490. Inscriptions From the Athenian Agora by Benjamin D. Meritt, American School of Classical Studies At Athens, Agora Picture Book 10, 1966, 32 pages; $2.00 (Ä1.70)
Eastern India, Buddhist Terracotta Votive Sealing, c. 8th Century
At holy sites and temples Buddhist pilgrims would purchase small votive offerings, to present to the shrine to be interred inside a stupa, or to take home as a memento. Votive offerings varied from place to place and over time. They were often made of terracotta and included small plaques, stupas, and sealings. The various sealings texts include meaningless pseudo-writing, repeated mantras, passages from the Ramayana, the Buddhist creed, prayers, etc. Because few early Buddhist manuscripts have survived in India, the writings found on these humble sealings provide a rare glimpse of the various scripts used in India in ancient and early medieval times. -- http://papyri.tripod.com/buddhist/introsealings.htmlAB54496. cf. Zwalf, p. 33 and nos. 144 - 146, Choice, maximum diameter 29 mm, obverse Sanskrit text: the Buddhist Creed; reverse undecorated; mica sparkling in the clay, ex Alex G. Malloy; SOLD