, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
From die wear, we know that many of these early types from were struck in very large quantities. From the rarity of survivors, we know the vast majority of these earliest coins were melted down and recycled into later coins.SH84466. 1/24 , 122 - 123; 708 - 710, 142, -, I -, -, -, VF, dies quite worn, edge splits, 0.590 g, maximum 7.1 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; of right, linear form; quadripartite square punch, pellet in center; $400.00 (€356.00)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
Although the primary references do not specify the arrangement of the , most specimens of this issue have the have the royal title on the right and Lysimachos' name in the . This variant with the title in the and his name right is very and was first described in the referenced article by Nicholas A. , published in in June 1996.GS84487. Silver , , N. "An unpublished of Lysimachus" in 10.6 (June 1996), figs. 1-2; L12; 36; 25; -, gVF, lightly , minor marks, small flaw on edge, some minor edge flaking, 4.141 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 135o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, left above forepart left (control ) on left, torch (control symbol) below throne; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 296 (13 Feb 2013), lot 25; $380.00 (€338.20)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76945. Bronze , II p. 287, 150 Ds 14 Rs 63; p. 196, 391; 740; 767; 1465 var. (R1, 4th Democracy, different controls), aEF, dark sea-green , light marks, small spots of light corrosion, with ragged edge splits, 8.501 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 315o, mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of young Herakles left, wearing , (control symbol) behind neck; walking right, right foreleg raised, club right above, arrow right (control symbol) in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
Rhegion, , Italy, c. 415 - 387 B.C.
Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was home to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to (Acts XXVIII:13).GS79976. Silver , 1936; 70; 1588; 536; 2495; p. 376, 30, VF, , nice , uneven , light corrosion, 0.722 g, maximum 10.2 mm, 90o, Rhegion mint, c. 415 - 387 B.C.; facing scalp mask; olive sprig with two olives, PH between the leaves; $180.00 (€160.20)
Akanthos, , c. 525 - 470 B.C.
Akanthos was on the Athos peninsula of Chalcidice, near modern Ierissos. The name Akanthos (derived from the bush) may refer to the thorny nature of the town's foundation. According to Thucydides, in the 7th century B.C., from Andros and arrived on the near at the same time. The frightened natives fled. When the realized the town was empty, each group sent a runner to take the town first. The Chalcidian was the fastest but the Andrian, seeing he was losing, stopped and threw his spear in the city's gate before his opponent arrived. A court case followed, which was won by the Andrians because they had "taken over" the city first.
GA85066. Silver tetrobol, 7; 18; 4; II 1875, p. 33, 10; III/2 13; 84, VF, , tiny edge cracks, 2.317 g, maximum 15.3 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, ) mint, c. 525 - 470 B.C.; forepart of right, turned so the top of the is seen, floral ornament ( ?) above, dotted line at truncation, dotted ground line; quadripartite square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Severus was born in (Khoms, ) in the Roman province of . This was struck to commemorate the emperor's visit to his native in 207. See on .RS79618. Silver , 207 (S); 493; p. 263, 531; 6341, aEF, slightly off-center, 3.395 g, maximum 19.4 mm, mint, 207 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; XV P P, standing half right, wearing skin headdress, with right holding out drapery with fruits in the fold, at her feet right; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving Caesarea, Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $160.00 (€142.40)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, . Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.SH65202. Bronze AE 25, 724; cf p. 22, 102 (one neokorie); -; -; -; -; -, F, 10.822 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 180o, , Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in scalp headdress; MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, Alexander galloping left on his horse Bucephalus, about to spear a leaping left below; ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of ( ), ruling , and . He was killed in battle against Seleukos.
Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of . The same with the same was also issued by Colophon in the name of Alexander (examples are listed in Forum's catalog).GS84602. Silver , L23, 123, L19, 6812, gF, , , 4.000 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - c. 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, forepart and crescent left, pentagram under throne; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex (2004); $155.00 (€137.95)
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