Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Antiquities ▸ Antiquities by Type ▸ Weapons and ToolsView Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Weapons and Tools

Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
According to the contemporary report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best sling ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a sling cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes symbols or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others symbols indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. Writing might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."
AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly biconical, without symbols or inscriptions, c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $24.00 (20.40)


Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Centaur Holding a Bow, Lorica Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a lorica squamata legionary armor plate segment.
AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a centaur holding a bow, remains of two rivet holes where it was attached, tear on body, rare and interesting; from a New Jersey collection; $585.00 (497.25)


Lot of 25 Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullets, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
According to the contemporary report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best sling ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a sling cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes symbols or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others symbols indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. Writing might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."
LT85399. Lot of 25 Roman Republic, lead glandes sling-bullets, from the Balkans, 2nd - 1st century B.C., no tags or flips, actual glandes in the photographs, less than $12 each!; $225.00 (191.25)


Italy, AE Formatum Axe Head, c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Bronze axe heads were used for exchange across Europe even before 1000 B.C. This nearly complete bronze axe head dates much later, c. 5 - 4th Century B.C. It was never used to cut wood, but was cast to serve as currency.
AS11948. Bronze Aes Formatum, Aes formatum bronze axe, 447.9g, 12.9cm, $180.00 (153.00)


Roman, Large Iron Borer or File, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Another piece from the same group as this borer was dated by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to 120 A.D. with a probable range of 80 A.D. - 160 A.D. Testing was done using an innovative technique which measures the carbon isotope ratio of the trace carbon in the iron. This carbon comes from the wood used in the production of the iron which must be of essentially the same age as the tool itself. Results were published in the journal, Radiocarbon, Summer 2001.
AE61804. Roman borer, cf. Petrie, 'Tools and Weapons', pl. LXV, 40; 7 inches, indent at one end for attaching handle, $170.00 (144.50)


Narino, Columbia, Capuli Complex, Sea Shell Shaped Potter Ocarina (Flute), 850 - 1500 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
An ocarina is a wind instrument in the category of vessel flutes.
AE61810. Pottery ocarina, 3.7 inches, Choice, in the form of a sea shell with incised dot and cross designs on a highly burnished gray surface; $170.00 (144.50)


Erythrai, Ionia, c. 330 - 300 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The ruins of Erythrai are north of the town IIldiri in the Cesme district of Izmir Province, Turkey. The city did not lie exactly on the coast, but some little distance inland, and had a harbor on the coast named Cissus. Erythrae was never a large city, but was renowned for its wine, goats, timber, and millstones, as well as its prophetic sibyls, Herophile and Athenais. The Erythraeans were for a considerable time subject to the supremacy of Athens. About 453 B.C. Erythrae, refusing to pay tribute, seceded from the Delian League. A garrison and a new government restored the union, but late in the Peloponnesian War, in 412 B.C. it revolted again with Chios and Clazomenae. Erythrai_amphitheater

GB86474. Bronze AE 21, BMC Ionia p. 128, 102 - 103 var. (diff. magistrate); SNG Cop 634 var. (same); SNG Mn 638 var. (same), SNGvA -; SNG Tb -; SNG Kayhan -; Lindgren -, VF, well centered, mottled green and red patina, a little rough, weight 4.550 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ionia, Erythrai (north of Ildiri, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, tied at the neck; reverse EPY above club left, HPO∆OTOΣ / HPAKΛEOY (Herodotos son of Herakleos) in two lines across center, bow inside case right below; apparently unpublished with this magistrate and the only example known to Forum; $80.00 (68.00)


Roman Buckles & Military Fittings

Click for a larger photo
As a great and practical guide, this book documents and identifies many of the items of the Roman military kit, from the 1st century B.C. to the 5th century A.D., encountered today by detectorists and archaeologists, and sets them in their historical and military context.
BK17657. Roman Buckles & Military Fittings, by Andrew Appels & Stuart Laycock, 2007, softcover, 285 pages, illustrated in color throughout, new; $29.00 (24.65)







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES



Catalog current as of Saturday, May 26, 2018.
Page created in 0.579 seconds.
Weapons & Tools