Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was , resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly , c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $24.00 (€21.36)
Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Holding a Bow, Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a legionary armor plate segment. AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a holding a bow, remains of two rivet holes where it was attached, tear on body, and interesting; from a New Jersey collection; $650.00 (€578.50)
Italy, Bronze Axe , Aes Formatum, c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.
Bronze axe heads were used for exchange across Europe even before 1000 B.C. This bronze axe dates much later, c. 5 - 4th Century B.C. It was never used to cut , but was cast to serve as currency.AS11911. Bronze Aes Formatum, Aes formatum bronze axe, 160.8g, 8.6cm, rough green , $280.00 (€249.20)
Lot of 25 Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullets, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
LT85399. Lot of 25 Roman Republic, lead glandes sling-bullets, 2nd - 1st century B.C., no tags or flips, actual coins in the photographs, , , only $10 each; $250.00 (€222.50)
Italy, c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.
Bronze axe heads were used for exchange across Europe even before 1000 B.C. This nearly bronze axe dates much later, c. 5 - 4th Century B.C. It was never used to cut , but was cast to serve as currency.AS11948. Bronze Aes Formatum, Aes formatum bronze axe, 447.9g, 12.9cm, $200.00 (€178.00)
Roman, Large Iron Borer or File, 1st - 3rd Century A.D.
Another piece from the same group as this borer was dated by the Livermore National Laboratory to 120 A.D. with a probable range of 80 A.D. - 160 A.D. Testing was done using an innovative technique which measures the carbon isotope ratio of the trace carbon in the iron. This carbon from the used in the production of the iron which must be of essentially the same age as the tool itself. Results were published in the journal, Radiocarbon, Summer 2001. AE61804. Roman borer, cf. Petrie, 'Tools and Weapons', pl. LXV, 40; 7 inches, indent at one end for attaching , $190.00 (€169.10)
Narino, Columbia, Capuli Complex, Sea Shell Shaped Ocarina (Flute), 850 - 1500 A.D.
An ocarina is a wind instrument in the category of vessel flutes.AE61810. ocarina, 3.7 inches, , in the form of a sea shell with incised dot and designs on a highly burnished gray surface; $190.00 (€169.10)
Lot of 6 Small Metal Detector Finds - Keys and Lock Parts From a Late Roman Sites
From the estate of an uncleaned ancient coin enthusiast, these items were presumably found with a metal detector at Roman sites and included with uncleaned Roman coins. They appear to be Roman keys and lock parts but some may by unrelated items and some could possibly be medieval or modern.LT85502. Bronze Lot, 6 small metal detector finds - keys and lock parts, the largest 38mm long, found with a metal detector at Roman sites, unidentified, without tags, actual items in the photographs, , ; $25.00 (€22.25)
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