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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ DaciaView Options:  |  |  | 

Dacia

The eagle and the lion are symbols of the Legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which were quartered in Provincia Dacia.


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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The Dacian Draco was the standard ensign of troops of the ancient Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues. The hollow dragon's head was mounted on a pole with a fabric tube affixed at the rear. In use, the draco was held up into the wind, or above the head of a horseman, where it filled with air and gave the impression it was alive while making a shrill sound as the wind passed through its strips of material.Draco

RB88867. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 112b; Cohen V 18, SRCV III 9399, Hunter III 32 var. (bust), VF, red-brown patina, earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse legend weak and partially off flan, weight 18.204 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C MESS Q DECIO TRAI AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse DACIA, Dacia standing half left, wearing robe reaching feet, vertical staff in right hand topped with head of Draco, S - C (senatus consulto) divided across field; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Geto-Dacian(?), c. 75 - 105 A.D., Imitative of Vespasian or Titus Denarius

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Tribal peoples outside the Empire struck coinage imitative of Roman types beginning in the second century B.C. and continued to strike imitative types even after the Western Empire ceased to exist.
CE68897. Silver denarius, Davis I4 (this coin); for possible Roman prototype see RIC Vespasian 702 and 705 (emperor seated right), F+, weight 3.319 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 75 - 105 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Vespasian or Titus right, blundered legend around; reverse Emperor seated left, branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, blundered legend around; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Gemini LLC auction IX, lot 739, ex Phillip Davis Collection, said to have been found in Romania; very rare; SOLD


Dacia, After 85 B.C., Imitative of Roman Republic, Types of Mn Fonteius

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Imitatives of Roman Republic Denarii, such as this one, are often identified as Celtic, but Philip Davis convincingly argues that most of these denarii are probably Dacian.
RR63690. Silver denarius, cf. Davis M108, Davis Apvlvm XLIII 81 and 83, Crawford 353/1a (official, Rome mint), VF, weight 3.020 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; obverse bare head right, branch behind, no legend; reverse Cupid seated on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus of Bacchus in exergue all within laurel wreath; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Aleksandar, I.K. Catalog Provincial Coins of Dacia, the Roman Province. (2008). Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Friday, April 19, 2019.
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Dacia