Arados, , Unknown "N", c. 348 - 338 B.C.
Early coins of Arados have the Aramaic letters mem aleph (read from right to left) above the galley, abbreviating Melech Arad (meaning of Arados), sometimes followed by the king's initial, and sometimes by the Phoenician regnal year date.SH85437. Silver , p. 10, 58; 26, note 104, pl. 7, 4; III p. 131, 5; 33 (R1); 114; -, VF, on a , struck with high relief dies, on , 10.346 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 270o, Arados mint, c. 348 - 338 B.C.; laureate of bearded Ba'al Arwad right, with profile eye; galley right, figure of Pataikos right on prow, row of shields on bulwark, Phoenician letters mem aleph nun (Melech Arad N - of Arados N) from right to left above, three waves below; ; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Lifetime or very early issue struck under Menes or Laomedon.SH85064. Silver ON RESERVE
, 3332, 1370, series 11, 802, 735, 2162, 675, 2991, 579, VF, attractive , bold strike with high relief dies, light , bumps, and marks, 17.179 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 80o, , Arados mint, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left, left, A over P under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $510.00 (€453.90)
, the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Lifetime or very early issue.GS85061. Silver , 3321, 1363, 3405 - 3426, VF, and struck, attractive , , scratches on , 17.038 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 45o, , Arados mint, struck under Menes or Laomedon, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), ΣΩ left, A/P under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1203; $490.00 (€436.10)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C., Tyre,
1013 has Θ (theta) between the legs of the . This specimen appears to have an MY over a partially effaced Θ. The MY is not listed in for year two, but we know of two other examples, both Θ and the MY are published in for year three.GP84108. Silver , unpublished, cf. 1013 (Q between legs), 499 (same), 30, BMC -, -, -, -, -, -, gVF, excellent portrait, off center, bumps, scratches, darker areas, 14.194 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 0o, Tyre mint, 29 Aug 246 - 28 Aug 245 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy I right, wearing ; (of Ptolemy the savior), standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, Tyre over club, B (year 2) over I right, MY over Θ over effaced between legs; ex CNG e-auction 375 (1 Jun 2016), lot 48; Dennis Rider Collection of the Coins of Tyre; extremely ; $480.00 (€427.20)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving Caesarea, Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $140.00 (€124.60)
Orthosia, , 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far of . It was a refounded by one of the but which one is uncertain because the city changed frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, 209 (S, this date noted); - (this date noted p. 644); p. 126, 1 (date obscure); 175 (no visible date); -, VF, green , light encrustations and marks, edge chip, 6.820 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in ; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Tyre,
, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman , being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of , , , and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.RP77848. Bronze , 2405, cf. AUB 256 ( at Astarte's feet?), -, -, -, -, -, aF/gF, , light earthen deposits, light corrosion, 13.187 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Tyre mint, 8 Jun 218 - 224/225 A.D.; IVLIA MAI-SA , draped right, wearing ; T-VRI-ORV-M, temple, Tyche-Astarte standing facing within under central arch, wearing tall headdress and short tunic, right hand on standing to her left, transverse long in left hand, left foot on galley, being crowned by on short column to her right, pellet in ; shell, , and tree left to right in ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman , being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of , , , and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.RP77850. Bronze AE 29, AUB 283; p. 287, 453 ( leg.); 3431 var. ( and reversed, etc.); Lingren-Kovacs 2396; -, F, green with lighter highlighting fields, slightly off center, 14.794 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 0o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS AVG, and right, from the front; COL - TY-RO - MET, temple, Tyche-Astarte standing facing within under central arch, wearing tall headdress and short tunic, right hand on standing to her left, transverse long in left hand, left foot on galley, being crowned by on short column to her right; tree, , and shell from left to right in ; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Marathos, , 173 - 172 B.C.
Marathos, the most northern coastal town in , was apparently under Ptolemaic hegemony when this coin was struck. The of is usually attributed to be also that of Ptolemy VI. Destroyed by its neighbor and rival Aradus, c. 145 B.C., Marathos was later rebuilt as a colony of Aradus.GP73972. Bronze AE 21, 1082 - 1085 (various controls); 252 - 261 (same); 832; cf. 194 (S); -; -, F, black , rough, corrosion, 6.489 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 0o, Marathos (near Tartus, ) mint, 173 - 172 B.C.; laureate and draped of Ptolemy VI as , over shoulder; Marathos standing left, in right, Phoenician date IIIIIIINNNN (year 87) on left, Phoenician MRT (Marathos) right, Phoenician control letters low across ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., ,
The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
notes that this is very often incorrectly attributed to earlier emperors as the is frequently missing and the portrait resembles those of , , , and . RP84807. Bronze AE 26, cf. 540 (D98/-, unlisted die); III 3832 (23 spec.); p. 64, 814; 95; AUB 52; 520, F, , slightly off center, 14.082 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, 98 - 102 A.D.; IMP NER TRAIAN - AVG P P, laureate right; •COL / IVL - AVG - FEL - BER• ( , FEL is upside down in ), veiled founder-priest plowing right with two oxen, plowing sacred pomerium around city; $95.00 (€84.55)
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