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Every ancient coin is associated with a place, at the least where it was minted. Rarely, but occasionally, we learn where a coin was found. Many ancient coins depict the personification of a nation, province, city, or river. Every coin has some tie to geography. Of course collecting every coin is not a theme, so geography must be narrowed down in some way. Collecting the coins of one mint, city or region is popular. Hadrian's famous "travel series" would make an excellent geography theme collection. Another is the travels of Paul. Or you could collect coins from all places you simply find captivating.
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
ruled for just a few months. The mint of struck coins with his name, though the portrait bears little resemblance to those of the other mints. It is possible that produced coins without having an image of the new emperor.RP84745. Bronze , 5364 (3 spec.); 257; 336; 26, 217; 376; 710; 18.13; 189 (R4); -, F, attractive brown tone, , light scratches, , 16.768 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, mint, 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, beveled edge; of right, wearing papyrus diadem, behind right shoulder, date LA (year 1) before; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
This variety with a on the is much rarer than the same without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in , , and , and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).RP84748. , 359; 5354 (5 spec.); 327; p. 25, 208; 238; 18.6; 184; -; -; -, F, , light encrustations, cutting off parts of legends, 12.583 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 0o, mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, LA (year 1) lower right; EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, in extended right hand, in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $500.00 (€445.00)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Issued to commemorate in Britain. Between 208 and 210 A.D., and his son campaigned into Scotland (then Caledonia) and also Hadrian's Wall. The victories in the pacified the island for the remainder of the century, but the aged Septimius died at Eburacum (York) in 211 A.D.SH83529. Silver , 332 (S); 727; p. 366, 51; 108; 6382, gVF, some luster, perfect centering, nice portrait, light , small edge cracks, 3.369 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, mint, 210 - 211 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG , laureate right; (victories over the British), advancing right, raising in extended right hand, frond in left hand over left shoulder; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Roman , Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D.
Both the and types on this are published but the combination does not appear to be published. Nor did we find another example online. According to , lead tesserae served as local small change in during the first to the third century A.D.
Euthenia is the Greek personification of abundance or plenty. To the Romans she was . Her attributes are grain and the . On Roman coins of she often appears to be the spouse of the Nile; yet, in the Egyptian Euthenia did not exist and the Nile had no consort.RX90574. Lead , Unpublished; cf. 6444 and 3584 (for ) and 6493 and 3575 (for ), VF , 5.107 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 270o, (?) mint, Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D. (possibly later); on horseback right, wearing hem hem crown, in right hand; reclining left on right below, nude to waist, around hips and legs, reeds in his right hand, in left; before him at his feet stands Euthenia (prosperity) wearing and , offering held in right hand; extremely ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Romano-British Empire, , Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA73231. , , 2, 319 (C); 375; 13644; 215; - (p. ccvii), gVF, much , light marks, tiny encrustation, a little weak in centers, edge split/crack, 4.819 g, maximum 24.3 mm, 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; IMP C CARAVSIVS , and right; (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing half left, left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, across fields at center, C in ; from the Charles Peters Collection, ex-Wayne C. ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Roman Provincial , "Coin Mold," c. 316 - 320 A.D.
Some call these counterfeiter's molds. However, Malloy notes on his tag for this specimen, "Originally thought to be molds for producing coins, now it is thought that these impressions themselves were used as a crude medium of exchange."
RX85456. Unofficial pseudo coin used for small change, VF, maximum 27.3 mm, c. 316 - 320 A.D.; retrograde impression of: IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS , laureate of right ( of , c. 308 A.D.); retrograde impression of: IOVI CONSER-VATORI , standing facing, left, on globe in right hand, long vertical in left hand, left at feet on left, K above on left, over X over A right in right , ALE in ( of mint , 316 - 317 A.D., 17 - 19); $300.00 (€267.00)
, Edward III, 1327 - 1377
Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.
The outer abbreviates, "BENEDICTUM SIT NOMEN DOMINI DEI IHESU CHRISTI," which means, "Blessed be the name of the Lord our God, Jesus Christ."ME85375. Silver Gros Tournois a la Porte, 8063, 63, 1067, 120, d'Avant 2856, –, gF, , , 2.478 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 270o, 1351 - 1356; ED'· REX : A*nGLIE / + BnDICTV · SIT · : DnI : nRI : DEI : IhV · XPI (annulet and double annulet stops, secret mark: asterisk between A and n), short ; + DVX : AQITA*nIE (double annulet stops, secret mark: asterisk between A and n), châtel aquitanique, gateway below; all within of arches containing twelve leaves; ; $265.00 (€235.85)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C.
VII originally shared power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brother-husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Her relationship with led to sole rule. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with . Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient .GI85343. Bronze , 1872; 184; 422; p. 123, 5; 383; 949, aF, bumps, scratches, corrosion, , 8.383 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, characteristic melon coif; KΛEOΠATPAΣ BACIΛICCHC, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, left, M (40 drachms = ) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
Roman , Antinoopolites (?), Portrait of , c. 130 - 153 A.D.
probably joined the entourage of when it passed through in about 124. He became Hadrian's constant companion and lover but in October 130 drowned in the Nile. Hadrian's grief knew no bounds; he enrolled him among the gods, erected a temple, and on 30 October 130 A.D., founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where drowned. It was the capital of a new , Antinoopolites. Artists vied with each other in immortalizing his beauty. Temples and to his memory were erected all over the Empire, and there began a Cult of . On this coin he is depicted in the guise of Hermanubis. RX90575. Lead , 6536, 3559 var. (11.23g), 4397 (R4), F, 4.666 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Antinoopolis (or ?) mint, c. 130 - 153 A.D.; draped of right, wearing hem-hem crown of , crescent before; standing left, wearing , , and on , right hand raised, long vertical behind in left; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
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