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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ EuboiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Euboia, Greece

Euboia, separated from the mainland of Greece by the narrow Euripus channel, is the second largest Greek island, after Crete. It was an important source of grain and cattle. Euboia's two principal cities, Chalcis and Eretria, both were Ionian settlements from Attica. Their early importance is shown by their numerous colonies in Magna Graecia, Sicily, and Macedonia. In 490 B.C., Eretria was utterly ruined and its inhabitants transported to Persia. It was restored after the Battle of Marathon, but it never regained its former eminence. In 506 B.C., Athens defeated Chalcis, established 4,000 Attic settlers, and reduced the island to dependence. In 446 B.C., when Euboia endeavored to throw off the yoke, it was reduced by Pericles. In the north, the inhabitants of Histiaea were expelled and replaced by settlers. The Athenians recognized its importance, for supplying them with grain and cattle and, because of its proximity to the coast of Attica, for securing their commerce against piracy. In 410 B.C. the island regained its independence. After this Euboia took sides with other leading states, until, after the Battle of Chaeronea, it passed to Philip II of Macedon, and finally to Rome.Central Greece


Chalkis, Euboea, Greece, c. 290 - 273/271 B.C.

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Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB86655. Bronze AE 13, BCD Euboea 192 (this coin), Picard emission 35a, EF/aEF, brown patina, weight 1.966 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 180o, Chalkis mint, c. 290 - 273/271 B.C.; obverse bust of Hera facing and turned slightly to right, with necklace, diadem ornamented with ribbons; reverse eagle wings open, snake in its beak and winding around its body, XAΛ above, rose in right field; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Lanz auction 111 (25 Nov 2002), lot 192; ex BCD Collection; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


The Euboian League and Its Coinage (NNM 134)

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The Euboian League was in existence for nearly five hundred years (from the fifth century B.C. to the time of the emperor Claudius or later) is referred to definitely only in one passage of Aischines, and in a few inscriptions. The League issued coins enabling us to date its foundation.
BK10896. The Euboian League And Its Coinage by W.P. Wallace, The American Numismatic Society, Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 134, 1956, 180 pages, 16 plates, one copy available; $20.00 (€17.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.

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The bull's horns suggest Demetrius' relationship to Poseidon is the same as Alexander's to Zeus Ammon. The portrait is individualized, but evokes the image of Alexander. Demetrios was the first to assimilate elements of Alexander's deified portrait and the first living ruler to portray himself as a god on coins.
SH55017. Silver tetradrachm, Newell 153; cf. SNG Alpha Bank 950 ff., SNG Berry 335 ff., SNG Ashmolean 3248 ff., SNG Munchen 1045 ff., SNG Cop 1176 ff. (different controls & mints), VF, weight 16.741 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 225o, Euboea, uncertain mint, c. 290 - 287 B.C.; obverse Demetrios diademed head right with horns of a bull, the animal sacred to Demetrios' patron deity, Poseidon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, Poseidon standing left, right foot on rock, trident in left (apparently inspired by the Lateran Poseidon, a statue by Lysippos, court sculptor of Alexander), monogram inner left; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques, Bd. 4. (Paris, 1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Calciati, R. Pegasi II. (Mortara, 1990).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Grose, S.W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Head, B. Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Lorcris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Kraay, C.M. Archaic and Classical Greek Coins. (London, 1976).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Newell, E.T. The Coinage of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (London, 1927).
Numismatik Lanz. Münzen von Euboia: Sammlung BCD, Auction 111. (25 Nov 2002, München).
Picard, O. Chalcis et la Confédération Eubéenne. (Paris, 1979).
Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Robinson, E.S.G. & G.K. Jenkins. A Catalogue of the Calouste Gulbenkian Collection of Greek Coins, Vol. II: Greece to East. (Lisboa, 1971-89).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Wallace, W.P. The Euboian League and its Coinage. ANSNNM 134 (1956).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 15, 2018.
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Euboia, Greece