In late summer or fall of 161, Vologases IV of captured the Roman client Kingdom of , expelled its and installed his own; Pacorus, an Arsacid like himself. In 162, began the war to recover and exact vengence. Rome recovered the Armenian capital Artaxata in 163. At the end of 163, took the title Armeniacus, despite having never personally seen combat. initially declined to accept the title, but accepted it in 164. Unfortunately the victorious army returned bringing a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague, which significantly depopulated and greatly weakened the Roman Empire.RB83578. , 1092; 890 ( & r.), 984 (same), 95, III 464, 5013, -, VF, on a , green , light scrape on high point, some corrosion, 23.68 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Dec 164 - Aug 165 A.D.; M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate right; XVIII , standing half right, transverse upward to right in both , mourning Armenian captive at feet on right, captive seated right with propped on right hand and left hand on ground, ( ) flanking low across ; $520.00 (€462.80)
commemorative struck by Aurelius' son, .
p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by is probably from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one die with this object. It is not clear to us why identified this indistinct object as a spear .RS77835. Silver , 82; C271; 478-4/10, 4; 24 var., note. p. 692, VF, small edge cracks, 3.130 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, , 180 A.D.; M ANTONINVS , right; , standing left on thunderbolt, right, wings open, spear (?) in beak; $250.00 (€222.50)
and Annius , Caesars, 166 - 170 A.D., Tarsus,
The brothers Annius and , sons of and the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius died at age 7 of natural causes in Rome on 10 September 169. His younger brother became his father's heir and later successor to his father's throne. The are obviously unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck. RP84085. Bronze AE 17, 5035 (17 spec.); p. 191, 166; 5993; 1456; 1018 var. (no ); -, F, turquoise , , porous, earthen deposits, 3.339 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; KOPOI CEBACTOY, draped youthful busts of Annius (on left) and , over crossed club and between them; temple with ten columns, left with right and wings open in , KOINOC KIΛIKIAC in , TAP-COY across at center, MHTPOΠ in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the of and requested permission to as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for jointly with dea . In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea was combined with at the Hadrianic Temple of and . This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's . The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea with a in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.
SL84528. , 1037, 1420, 169, 284, 233, 4977, VF30 (4625585), Rome mint, Dec 171 - Dec 172 A.D.; M ANTONINVS - XXVI, laureate right; IMP VI ( 6 times, consul 3 times), seated left on , helmeted and draped, transverse spear on far side in right hand, resting her left forearm on round stacked upon an oval and a hexagonal , S C ( ) flanking across fields; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, certified (slabbed) by ; $195.00 (€173.55)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., of
The Macedonian (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.RB83510. Bronze AE 25, 1345; 730; /2 277; 3050 (R4) var. (Ω vice W); p. 28, 156 var. (laureate), VF, nice green , , cut on lower , 11.478 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 270o, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D.; ANTWNINOC, right; MAKE∆ONWN, thunderbolt with four wings; $160.00 (€142.40)
was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of and , the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to , and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin ), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.RB84425. , 992, 1385, 18 206, 127, 4966, aF, nice portrait, , 28.977 g, maximum 32.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 171 A.D.; M ANTONINVS XXV, laureate right; (consul 3 times), advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear in right hand, across left shoulder in left hand, ( ) flanking his knees; $130.00 (€115.70)
Roman Empire, Anonymous, to , c. 81 - 161 A.D.
RIC identifies this as common but it appears to be with the dove facing left.
Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by the emperor himself at a similar event.RB63623. Bronze , p. 218, 25, VF, 1.847 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; diademed and draped of right; dove standing left, S C ( ) in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Maeandrum,
"..the temple of Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at , but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in except two, that at (to ) and that at Didymoi (to )" (Strabo, 14. 1. 40).RP58784. Bronze AE 31, 113 (R4), 311, -, -, -, -, -, -, aF, 13.406 g, maximum 30.9 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, magistrate Diophantus; as , 139 - 161 A.D.; M AIΛIOC AYPHΛIOC BHPOC KAICAP, bareheaded, draped, and young right; ΓPAM ∆IOΦAN TOY MAΓNHTΩN, facing cult statue of Leukophryene, wearing and veil, flanked by two Nikes over shoulders crowning her, eagles with open wings at feet; very ; $65.00 (€57.85)
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