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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ Marcus AureliusView Options:  |  |  | 

Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius was recognized by Hadrian as a fine and capable youth and betrothed to the daughter of Aelius. Antoninus Pius adopted him and in 145 A.D. he married Antoninus' daughter, Faustina II. In 161 A.D., he succeeded Antoninus as Augustus, immediately proclaiming Lucius Verus his co-emperor. Although known for his adherence to the philosophy of Stoicism and as a naturally peaceful man, Marcus' reign was disturbed by war with Parthia, plague and then a long, hard war along the Danube frontier. He died on March 17th, 180 A.D. and was deified by the senate soon after.


Commodus and Annius Verus, Caesars, 166 - 170 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia

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The brothers Annius Verus and Commodus, sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius Verus died at age 7 of natural causes in Rome on 10 September 169. His younger brother Commodus became his father's heir and later successor to his father's throne. The portraits are obviously unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck.
RP84085. Bronze AE 17, RPC Online 5035 (17 spec.); BMC Lycaonia p. 191, 166; SNGvA 5993; SNG BnF 1456; SNG Levante 1018 var. (no star); SNG Cop -, F, turquoise patina, tight flan, porous, earthen deposits, weight 3.339 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; obverse KOPOI CEBACTOY, confronted draped youthful busts of Annius Verus (on left) and Commodus, star over crossed club and caduceus between them; reverse temple with ten columns, eagle left with head right and wings open in pediment, KOINOC KIΛIKIAC in architrave, TAP-COY across field at center, MHTPOΠ in exergue; rare; $180.00 (€153.00)
 


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In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings against Roman rule in Egypt.
RS85555. Silver denarius, RSC II 661a, Strack III AP264, RIC III AP458 (S) var. (no drapery), BMCRE IV A804 noted var. (same), Hunter II -, SRCV -, VF, well centered, light toning, marks, edge cracks, weight 3.044 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 152 - 153 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII FIL, bare head right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse TR POT VII COS II, Genius Exercitus standing slightly left, head left, in military dress, sacrificing over flaming altar from a patera in right hand, legionary eagle vertical in left hand; scarce; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Cyrene, Cyrenaica

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RPC Online, volume IV, the latest reference, identifies the mint for this type as Cyrene, a correction from Caesarea, Cappadocia.
RP85472. Bronze provincial sestertius, RPC Online IV temp 6846; Sydenham Caesarea 339 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 68, 183 (Caesarea); SNG Cop 245 var. (drapery, Caesarea), aF, well centered, dark patina, scratches, earthen encrustations, weight 20.661 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cyrene mint, 170 - 171 A.D.; obverse AVTOK KAIC M AYPHA - ANWNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAPXIK - EZOYC K∆ (tribunicia potestate 24), bearded and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; very rare; $145.00 (€123.25)
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Magnesia ad Sipylum, Lydia

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Magnesia ad Sipylum was a city of Lydia, situated about 65 km northeast of Smyrna (now Izmir) on the river Hermus (now Gediz) at the foot of Spil Mount. Nowadays this is the location of Manisa in Turkey. It became a city of importance under the Roman dominion and, though nearly destroyed by an earthquake in the reign of Tiberius, was restored by that emperor and flourished through the Roman Empire.

Ploutos the personification of wealth is the son of Eirene, goddess of peace.
GB85348. Bronze AE 15, RPC Online VI 1330 (13 spec.); BMC Lydia p. 147, 59; SNG Cop 262; SNG Mun 268; SNG Leypold 1040; Waddington 5082; Mionnet IV 406; SNGvA -; SNG Tub -, VF, porous, die break obverse lower left, weight 2.788 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 180o, Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, as caesar, c. 140 A.D.; obverse KAI AYPHΛIOC, bare-headed, draped bust right, slight beard; reverse MAΓNHTΩN XIΠYΛOY, child (Ploutos) standing left, clad in short chiton, which he raises in front above his waist with both hands, he carries fruit in its folds; $120.00 (€102.00)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

ANTONINVSAVG
ANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
AVRELIVSCAESANTONAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFIL
AVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIF
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOS
AVRELIVSCAESAVGPIIFCOSDES
DIVOMARCO
DIVOMARCOANTONINO
DIVVSMANTONINVSPIVS
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVGPM
IMPMANTONINVSAVG
IMPMANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
IMPMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVG
MANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVS
MANTONINVSAVGARMENPM
MANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARM
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMATICVS
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMMAX
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXI
MANTONINVSAVGGERMSARMTRPXXXPP
MANTONINVSAVGGERMTRPXXIX
MANTONINVSAVGIMPII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXX
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXV
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVI
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXVIII
MANTONINVSAVGTRPXXIX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMENIACVSPM
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGARMPARTHMAX
MAVRELANTONINVSAVGTRPXXXIII
MAVRELIVSCAESARANTONINIAVGPIIF
MAVRELIVSCAESARAVGPIIF


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Marcus Aurelius