of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine , c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.
The emperor's name and portrait are not of the design on the types referred to as . Instead of the earthly , these coins depict Jesus Christ, of Kings.BZ84502. Bronze
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
In 1313, of Taranto granted Achaea to Matilda. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was vanquished and killed and Maud's husband, Louis of Burgundy, took control of Elis. He was, however, poisoned soon after, leaving a twice-widowed 23-year-old in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was solidly dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, an Angevin, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married yet again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to , where she died in 1331.ME85303.
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, William of Villehardouin, 1246 - 1278
From the collection of , former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
William of Villehardouin became Prince of Achaea when his brother Geoffrey II died in 1246. He conquered the remaining territory and built the fortress of Mistra near Sparta. In 1249 he accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, joining him in with 400 knights and 28 ships. Louis gave him a license to mint coins in the of royal French money. William defeated Venice in the War of the Euboeote Succession and defeated the Duke of Athens in 1258, reaffirming his power over the duchy. In 1259 he formed an with the Despotate of against Nicaea. He led the Achaean forces against the Nicaeans, but the Epirote army deserted and William was defeated. He fled and hid under a haystack, but was captured. He remained captive until 1262 and permanently lost all his power.CR85307.
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese . In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean . Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.ME85308.
, Athens, Frankish , Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners, typical of the Frankish courts kept in .ME85309.
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, Isabella of Villehardouin, 1297 - 1301
One of the few medieval coins minted under female authority. Isabella was the daughter of Charles II. She minted coins in her own name only between her marriages to her second husband, Florent, and her third husband, Philip of Savoy. notes this issue was a recoinage beginning in 1299, intended to achieve parity with the Athenian tournois. ME85298.
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea Philip of Taranto, 1307 - 1313
Philip of Taranto was the son of Charles II and the overlord of Philip of Savoy. Charles II deposed Philip of Savoy in June 1306, and in 1307 Philip of Taranto took the title of prince. Based on , identifies this as possibly struck at Corinth. notes the ending variation (but for 24, not 25), and notes, "D P, for 'Depotes,' presumably rather than D R, for 'Depotes Romanie.'"ME85305.
, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, John of Gravina, 1322 - 1333
John of Gravina, Count of Gravina 1315–1335, Prince of Achaea 1318-1332, Duke of Durazzo 1332–1335 and ruler of the Kingdom of Albania (although he never used a royal title), was a younger son of Charles II of Naples and of Hungary. He was a younger brother of (among others) Charles Martel of Anjou, Saint Louis of Toulouse, of Naples and of Taranto. The death of Louis of Burgundy in 1316 widowed Matilda of Hainaut, Princess of Achaea. Her suzerain, John's brother of Taranto, had her brought by force to Naples in 1318 to marry John and bring the Principality of Achaea into the Angevin inheritance. Matilda refused to surrender her rights to Achaea to her husband and ultimately contracted a secret marriage with Hugh de La Palice. This violated the marriage contract of her mother Isabelle, which had pledged that Isabelle and all her female heirs should not marry without permission of their suzerain. On these grounds, Philip stripped her of Achaea and bestowed it upon John: the marriage was annulled for non-consummation, and Matilda was imprisoned in the Castel dell'Ovo.ME85306.
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