, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
Asklepios was the son of and a mortal woman named Coronis. killed Coronis for being unfaithful but rescued the unborn Asklepios from her womb. carried the baby to the who raised and instructed him in the art of medicine. In return for some kindness, a snake taught him secret knowledge of healing. became so proficient as a healer that he surpassed both and his father, . was even able to evade death and to bring the dead back to life. Zeus killed him to restore balance to the human population but later resurrected Asclepios as a god to prevent a feud with . Zeus instructed Asclepios to never revive the dead without his approval.RP84488. Bronze AE 30, 22.214.171.124 (R5), 2204 var. ( leg.), 154 var. (same), -, -, VF, nice green , , some light corrosion, , 14.349 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 180o, ( , Bulgaria) mint, AVK M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, laureate right; OVΛΠIAC CEP∆IKHC, seated left on throne without back, torso bare, around hips and leges and over left shoulder, in right hand, snake-coiled staff in left hand; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 320 (12 Feb 2014), lot 281; this coin is the only example of the on Coin Archives; very ; $285.00 (€253.65)
, , , c. 440 - 375 B.C.
The name is in origin a Pelasgian (pre-Greek) word for "fortress." There were many ancient Greek cities with this name. The name of Thessalian is first recorded in connection with the aristocratic Aleuadai family. is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates and the famous philosopher Gorgias of Leontini died.GS77554. Silver , 1120, Trait 690 and pl. CCXCVII 23, -, -, aVF, 0.893 g, maximum 12.3 mm, mint, c. 440 - 375 B.C.; a bull's hoof with bone, laying on a small round or with a dotted edge, all within an outer dotted boarder; diademed of Asklepios right, with long beard, drapery on his left shoulder, erect curving snake with right before him, ΛAPI upward behind; very ; $260.00 (€231.40)
, , c. 133 - 27 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
GB84965. Bronze AE 17, p. 129, 160; 1371; 1813; -, VF, tight thick , scratches, 8.662 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 27 B.C.; laureate of Asklepios right; AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around , owl standing on the snake's back; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Akrasos,
Akrasa is not the same as Nakrasa. The cities were near each other, along with and Stratonicea in northern .RP84689. Bronze AE 18, III 6777; p. 447, 2; 8 var. ( leg.); 2886 var. (same); p. 13, 22 var. (same); 22 var. (same), F, , dark green , 3.169 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, Akrasos mint, AV KA Λ C CEOVHPOC, laureate of right; AKPCIΩTΩN, Asklepios standing slightly right, turned back left, snake entwined staff in right hand; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his over the . Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of , , the Antonines and the dynasty.RP77044. Bronze assarion, 126.96.36.199 (R3), 1124, -, I/I -, aVF, centered, green , light corrosion, left side of ragged, 2.476 g, maximum 15.6 mm, 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; AY K M A− ANTΩNIN, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, of Asklepios, cult statue within, pellet in ; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, , c. 133 - 16 B.C.
When the Pergamene Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
GB84959. Bronze AE 22, 1815 (with owl ); 2415 (same); p. 129, 161 (same); -; -, VF, green , nice , , , 6.353 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; laureate of Asklepios right; AΣKΛHΠIOY / ΣΩTHPOΣ, Asklepian snake coiled around , right; : owl standing right with facing, in 6mm round punch; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
RP77704. Bronze AE 18, Dr. Busso Nachfolger, auction 406, lot 479; apparently otherwise unpublished; -, -, -, -, F/aF, green , encrusted, 4.003 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, as , 198 - 209 A.D.; Λ CEΠ-T ΓETAC, bare-headed, draped, and right, from the front; OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, Asklepios leaning on snake entwined staff in right hand; might improve with cleaning; $30.00 (€26.70)
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