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Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and what is now Spain. Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation by Rome of all remaining Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of Carthage.
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.
In 278 B.C., envoys from the Sicilian cities of Agrigentum, Syracuse, and Leontini asked Pyrrhus for military aid to remove the Carthaginian dominance over that island. With an army of 20,000 infantry, 3,000 cavalry, 20 War Elephants, and some 200 ships, Pyrrhus defeated the Carthaginian forces and captured the city-fortress of Eryx. Carthage sued for peace, but Pyrrhus demanded Carthage renounce its claims on Sicily entirely. Pyrrhus set his sights on conquering Carthage itself, and began outfitting an expedition. However, his ruthless treatment of the Sicilian cities and his execution of two Sicilian rulers led to such animosity that he was forced out of Sicily and abandoned his plan.GB87736. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 149, Alexandropoulos 57, Müller Afrique 268, aVF, dark patina, a little off center, pre-strike flan casting sprue, weight 5.096 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Sardinian mint, 300 - 264 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and plain necklace, dotted border; reverse horse's head right; $80.00 (€70.40)
Carthaginians in Sicily, 300 - 289 B.C.
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.SH33199. Silver tetradrachm, Jenkins Punic, Series 5a, 300 (O96/R248); SGCV II 6436; SNG Cop 90; HGC 2 295, Choice EF, toned, bold, weight 16.618 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion's scalp; reverse horse's head left, palm tree behind, Punic legend AMHMHNTE (people of the camp) below; ex Ira & Larry Goldberg Auction 44, lot 3683 (price realized $4,300 plus fees); SOLD
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.SH48870. Electrum stater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 247 - 250, Choice VF, weight 7.493 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on double exergual line, near legs back, pellet before forelegs; light marks, tiny edge ding on the obverse at 12:00, some die wear; nicely struck and well centered on a full flan, beautiful horse!; SOLD
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