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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Heraclea||View Options:  |  |  |   

Heraclea, Thrace (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)

Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91230. Silvered follis, RIC VI Heraclea 20a, SRCV IV 14061, Cohen VII 89, Hunter V -, Choice EF, full border centering, much silvering, excellent portrait, attractive reverse, round flan, weight 10.614 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 297 - 283 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTΓ in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; $200.00 (176.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On 3 July 324 A.D., Constantine I defeated Licinius at Adrianople, forcing him to retreat to Byzantium. Soon after, Crispus destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing Constantine to cross over the Bosporus into Asian provinces and besiege Byzantium. On September 18th Constantine definitively defeated Licinius at Chrysopolis. Licinius escaped but abdicated on 19 December. Thanks to the pleas of his wife, Constantine's half-sister Constantia, Licinius was pardoned by Constantine and banished to Thessalonica as a private citizen. The next year he was executed on the charge of conspiring and raising troops against the emperor.
RL89582. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 64, SRCV IV 16224, Cohen VII 123, Hunter V 303 var. (no pellet at end of mintmark, EF, near full silvering, weight 3.331 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 324 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT / XX in two lines above star, all within wreath, SMHB in exergue; ex Forum (2010); scarce; $120.00 (105.60)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL89956. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, Choice VF, dark green patina, light marks, light corrosion, some reverse die wear, weight 2.827 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLA in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt.
RL91665. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 3(b)2 (S), LRBC II 1920, SRCV V 19754, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, well centered on a tight flan, small edge cracks, weight 3.092 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, dragging captive with right, SMHB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $80.00 (70.40)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL88785. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, F, rough, earthen deposits, weight 3.017 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACL[...] in exergue; $24.00 (21.12)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL88611. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 106, LRBC II 1909, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, aF, dark patina, some corrosion, weight 3.059 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLB in exergue; $22.00 (19.36)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 326, Constantine reorganized the Roman army into smaller units classified into three grades: palatine (imperial escort armies), comitatenses (forces based in frontier provinces), and limitanei (auxilia border troops).
RL88666. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 82 (R1), LRBC I 876, SRCV IV 16230, Cohen VII 129, Hunter V -, F, well centered, earthen encrustation, weight 2.679 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT / XXX in two lines within wreath, SMHA in exergue; very scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 321 A.D., the Catholic Church was first allowed to hold property.
RL88782. Billon follis, Hunter V 27 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Heraclea 54 (S), SRCV IV 15407, Cohen VII 21, aVF, porous, earthen encrustation, weight 2.922 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, shield in left hand and spear in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak at feet on left, captive seated right but looking left at feet on right, X/IIΓ in right field, SMHΓ in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Fausta, Augusta, 8 November 324 - Autumn 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL88805. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea p. 551, 80 (R1); LRBC I 875; SRCV IV 16572; Cohen VII 17, F, some silvering remains, well centered, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.375 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIP-VBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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On 14 September 335, Emperor Constantine I consecrated the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. On 31 December 335, Pope Sylvester I died at Rome after a 21-year reign. He was succeeded by Mark as the 34th pope.
RL88823. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 117 (R2), SRCV V 17336, LRBC I 905, Cohen VII 122, Hunter V -, F, green patina, teardrop shaped flan, edge crack, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 336 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHΓ in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)




  



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