, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.
SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, , , 404 - 370 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.GS85151. Silver , 380.18 (same dies), group IV H23, 65.1(a) (this die), I 1144.2, Hoover 30, VF, , , areas of light etching, 6.075 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 270o, mint, 404 - 370 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly right, wearing necklace, hair confined by and floating loosely; horse grazing right, legs straight, dotted , ΛAPI above; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $800.00 (€712.00)
Athens, , III , 353 - c. 340 B.C.
The Pi III introduced the true floral ornament. The lower tendrils have moved outward from the central tendril, and originate from and perpendicular to the curved horizontal line forming the upper tendrils; they parallel the central tendril for most of their length before flaring outward. The central tendril can be exceptionally long, extending down to ’s ear. Pi III may or may not have a pellet above the earring on the , and have one or two columns of pellets (feathers) to the right of the owl's beak on the . All are struck on folded flans, often elongated oval shaped flans nicknamed "logs."SH85069. Silver , p. 244, fig. 8; p. 126, 3; 63; 96; 1479; pl. 20: 2, VF, and struck on thick oval "log" , attractive , light bumps and marks, 17.091 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - c. 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $550.00 (€489.50)
Corinth, , , 375 - 345 B.C.
Corinth is mentioned many times in the New Testament, largely in connection with Apostle Paul's mission there. Paul first visited the city in 51 or 52 and resided there for 18 months (Acts 18:1-18). Paul wrote at least two epistles to the Christian community, the First Epistle to the Corinthians (written from ) and the Second Epistle to the Corinthians (written from ).GS85150. Silver , I 238/1 (same die); 574; p. 13, 140; 68; 1834; -, aEF, nice , , areas of corrosion, 8.331 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 45o, Corinth mint, 375 - 345 B.C.; Pegasos flying right, koppa below; of (or Aphrodite) right wearing a Corinthian helmet over a leather cap, (incense burner) behind; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $500.00 (€445.00)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under , c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Phalanna, , 360 - 340 B.C.
Coins of Phalanna (a few miles northwest of on the left bank of the Peneius) are . There was also a Phalanna on , colonized by Thessalians from Phalanna in .
GS84798. Silver , I 1250 (same dies); 569; 199; p. 41, 1; 1; 165 (R1), VF/F, classical , , porous, a little rough, 5.314 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Phalanna mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; youthful male with short, curly hair right; FAΛ-ANN-A-IΩN, bridled horse prancing right without a rider; ex BCD with his round tag noting, "T/ne ex Thess., Oct. 86, £250.-"; $390.00 (€347.10)
, , , c. 405 - 370 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS79835. Silver , 89.1 (same dies), I 1148, 215 var. (facing slightly right), VF, , of corrosion, double struck, , 5.835 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and wire necklace; horse grazing right, legs straight, ΛAPIΣ above; ex Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
Athens, , , III or IV , 353 - 340 B.C.
The name refers to the floral helmet ornament on the which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril. On this coin, the Pi-like floral ornament is off the .GS84493. Silver , cf. p. 244, fig. 8; p. 127, 4; 63; 96; pl. V, 4; 2547, VF, , typical but full of owl on , off center but of on , bumps, marks and scratches, 17.157 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $300.00 (€267.00)
Phaistos, , c. 3rd Century B.C.
In Greek mythology, (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily. The author of Bibliotheke thought Talos' bronze nature might indicate he was a survivor from Hesiod's mythical Age of Bronze. The satirist Lucian took this absurd notion that men of Hesiod's Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze and, for humorous effect, extended it to men of the Age of Gold.
GB85359. Bronze AE 17, 74; 520; p. 64, 27-28, F, a little rough, 3.702 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 225o, Phaistos mint, c. 3rd century B.C.; advancing right, nude, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left hand; hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in ; ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, , , c. 356 - 342 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73406. Silver , pl. III, 27 (same dies); I 1158; 316; 121; 454, VF, on a , etched surfaces, scratch on cheek, 5.920 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 135o, mint, c. 356 - 342 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and simple necklace; horse crouching right, left foreleg bent and raised, preparing to onto the ground, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines starting above, ending in ; ex with his tag noting, "Thz. G/ni ex Thess., Apr. 94, SFr. 100.-"; $270.00 (€240.30)
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