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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Pontic KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Pontic Kingdom

Olba, Cilicia Tracheia, Marcus Antonius Polemo, King, c. 64 - 74 A.D.

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All three references listed, refer to the exact same coin, plus RPC identifies a second example. We were unable to find another, making this is only the third specimen of this type known to Forum. In 63 A.D., the Pontic part of the Polemon lands was made part of Roman Galatia. Sometime afterward, Marcus Antonius Polemo (III?) ruled as king over part of Cilicia including Olbia and, from this coin, also Lalassis and Kennatis. In the late 60's, he struck coins as king with portraits of Nero and Galba. RPC I notes similarity between this coin type and a Domitian caesar type and dates this coin early in the Flavian period. Certainly it dates before 74 A.D. when Vespasian absorbed part of Cilicia Tracheia, likely including Lalassis and Kennatis, into Roman Cilicia.
GB85938. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3742, SNG Levante 644, Staffieri Olba 36, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Lycaonia -, VF, green patina, very light marks, earthen deposits and corrosion, some legend weak, reverse off center, weight 2.873 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Olba mint, c. 70 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ M ANT ΠOΛEMΩNOΣ, club; reverse KOINON ΛAΛAΣΣEΩN KAI KENNATΩN, harpa on globe; only the 3rd known to Forum; extremely rare; $360.00 (306.00)


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Chabakta, Pontos

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Chabakta was an important town within the territory of Amisos. Quite a few towns first struck coins under Mithradates VI, including Amaseia, Abonutheichos, Chabakta, Comana, Laodiceia, and Taulara. The cities issued the same types indicating central control over the mints.
GB76955. Bronze AE 24, SNG Stancomb 714; SNG BM 1258; SNG Cop IV 204; Rec Gen p. 77, 1; BMC Pontus -; SNGvA -; Laffaille -, aVF, well centered, uneven green patina, weight 10.718 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Chabakta mint, c. 100 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Perseus right, wearing Phrygian helmet with griffin's head crest and diadem; reverse Pegasos grazing left, monogram left, XABAKTΩN in exergue; very rare; $140.00 (119.00)


Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Amisos, Pontos

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB77037. Bronze AE 23, SNG BM 1216; BMC Pontus p. 18, 60 ff. var. (no A); SNG Stancomb 701 ff. var. (controls); SNG Cop 158 f. var. (same); SNGvA 62 var. (same), VF, nice style, weight 12.6 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Mithradates VI as Perseus right, wearing diadem and Phrygian helmet; reverse AMIΣOY, Pegasos grazing left, monograms left, monogram and A below; $90.00 (76.50)


Pharnakeia, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.

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Pharnakeia (Giresun, Turkey today) was founded on the Black Sea coast as Kerasous by residents of Kotyora. The city was renamed Pharnakeia, by Pharnaces I of Pontus after he captured the city in 183 B.C., and it was called by that name as late as the second century A.D. The inhabitants lived mostly on fishing but also mined ore and cut timber in the adjacent mountain areas. During his war against Sulla, Mithradates' sisters resided in the city.

According to Pliny, the cherry was first exported from Pharnakeia to Europe in Roman times. The English word cherry, French cerise, and Spanish cereza, and Latin cerasus, were all derived from original name of the city, Kerasous.
GB66854. Bronze AE 20, SNG Stancomb 724; SNG BM 1279; Rec Gen p. 138, 4; SNG Cop 224, gVF, weight 8.220 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pharnakeia mint, under Mithradates VI of Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus right; reverse eagle standing left, head right, wings open, monogram left, ΦAPNAKEIAΣ below; rare city; $80.00 (68.00)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C., Time of Mithradates VI Eupator

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB67881. Bronze AE 26, BMC Pontus p. 20, 80, SNG Ashmolean 65, SNG Stancomb 669, SNG BM 1135, SNG Cop 131, SNGvA 58, HGC 7 236 (S), aVF, weight 20.171 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse head right, wearing bashlyk; reverse AMI−ΣOY, quiver with strap; scarce; $40.00 (34.00)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB72621. Brass AE 19, SNG BM 1148; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; SGCV II 3643; HGC 7 241, aVF, weight 7.414 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $32.00 (27.20)







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REFERENCES

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Tekin, O. The Sivas Hoard, Bronze Coins of Pontos and Paphlagonia from the Reign of Mithradates VI. (Istanbul, 1999).
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Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 27, 2018.
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Pontic Kingdom