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Ancient Pottery

Late Roman, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Jewish "Candlestick" Oil Lamp, c. 350 - 500 A.D.

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The pattern on the nozzle, branches issuing from a central ridge, is often called a "candlestick," meaning it is a representation of the menorah. A more menorah-like variation has the "candlestick" on a tripod base. Some authorities believe it is a palm branch and it is sometimes indecisively called a a palm-menorah. The strongest evidence that the palm-menorah actually is a menorah is a variation of this lamp with a cross on the nozzle. This suggests that Jews and Christians used the same type of lamp, differentiated only by their respective religious symbol, a phenomenon also encountered on North African Red-Slip Lamps. The type is found across Israel but most commonly in Jerusalem and within 50 kilometers of Jerusalem.
AL21763. Jewish Small "Candlestick" Oil Lamp; cf. Schloessinger 477, Menzel 657, Adler 905, Bailey BMC Q2300; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, Choice, complete and intact, some bumps, light deposits, small earlier variety, c. 350 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff light clay, traces of a cream slip, tear drop shape from above, no handle, double rim around filling hole, decorative radiating pattern around shoulder continues on the nozzle with six branches from a central ridge (palm-menorah), ring base; $270.00 (237.60)


Late Roman, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Jewish "Candlestick" Oil Lamp, c. 350 - 500 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The pattern on the nozzle, branches issuing from a central ridge, is often called a "candlestick," meaning it is a representation of the menorah. A more menorah-like variation has the "candlestick" on a tripod base. Some authorities believe it is a palm branch and it is sometimes indecisively called a a palm-menorah. The strongest evidence that the palm-menorah actually is a menorah is a variation of this lamp with a cross on the nozzle. This suggests that Jews and Christians used the same type of lamp, differentiated only by their respective religious symbol, a phenomenon also encountered on North African Red-Slip Lamps. The type is found across Israel but most commonly in Jerusalem and within 50 kilometers of Jerusalem.
AL21819. Jewish Small "Candlestick" Oil Lamp; cf. Schloessinger 477, Menzel 657, Adler 905, Bailey BMC Q2300; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, Choice, complete and intact, much of slip lost, light bumps, small earlier variety, c. 350 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff light clay, traces of cream slip, tear drop shape from above, no handle, double rim around filling hole, decorative radiating pattern around shoulder continues on the nozzle with six branches from a central ridge (palm-menorah), ring base; $270.00 (237.60)


Judaean Kingdom - Roman Judaea, Herodian Oil Lamp, c. 25 B.C. - 100 A.D.

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This simple but elegant lamp design was developed during the reign of Herod, and thus they are called Herodian Lamps today. The type is found throughout all of Israel, especially in Jewish towns and areas, such as Jerusalem and Judea. Some have been found in Jordan. It is believed to be a type used mainly by Jews. They remained in common use until the end of the first century. The latest examples, from the middle of the second century, have been found in Judean Desert caves. Attempts have been made to more precisely date some of these lamps based on variations, however, excavations indicate the variations occur simultaneously.
AL93890. Herodian oil lamp; cf. Adler 3.1.HER.3, 96; Hays ROM 53; Schloessinger 331 - 332; 9.3 cm (3 5/8") long, 5.7 cm (2 1/4") wide, Choice, complete and intact, slightest chipping in nozzle, minor encrustations, c. 25 B.C. - 100 A.D.; finely made, pink-orange clay, buff-cream slip, rounded wheel made body with flat top, sharp carination to vertical sides, nozzle with a splayed shape with nearly straight sides hand-formed separately and attached, joint between the nozzle and body smoothed with a knife, rim around filling hole; $270.00 (237.60)


Ancient Israel, Pinched-Rim Oil Lamp, Late Bronze I - Late Bronze IIA, 1550 - 1300 B.C.

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The similar referenced lamp, Sussman 665, was found at Gezer, Israel, an archaeological site in the foothills of the Judaean Mountains at the border of the Shfela region roughly midway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.

This type of lamp has many nicknames including: pinched-rim, cocked hat, saucer, and shell type. With few exceptions, they can be roughly dated by the height of the base and the prominence of the rim opposite the nozzle. Both the height of the base and the width of the rim grew over time. On the earliest lamps the edge of the bowl is vertical with no outward folded rim. Most of the earliest lamps have a round bottom, with no distinct base. The last lamps of Southern Israel have a high stepped base comprised of a disk base on a distinct heel. On some of the latest Iron Age lamps the rim becomes so wide and the base so thick that the oil receptical appears somewhat impractically small. The simple pinched-rim form had a revival in the Hellenistic period, at which time the lamps were smaller and of a finer clay.
AH21270. Pinched-rim oil lamp; Sussman p. 54, figure 6.33; 665 (Gezer), Petrie Gerar 91p; 6.3 cm (2 1/2") high, 12.1 cm (4 3/4") long, 13.8 cm (5 3/8") wide, Choice, cracking, minor reconstruction, burn mark, Late Bronze I - Late Bronze IIA, 1550 - 1300 B.C.; wheel-made with wheel marks on underside (perhaps intended to be decorative), buff-brown clay with a cream slip, thin-walled shallow bowl, lip slightly everted, v-shaped spout, round thick bottom made by adding clay to the underside of the turned bowl; ex Edgar L. Owen; $200.00 (176.00)


Late Roman, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Jewish "Candlestick" Oil Lamp, c. 350 - 500 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The pattern on the nozzle, branches issuing from a central ridge, is often called a "candlestick," meaning it is a representation of the menorah. A more menorah-like variation has the "candlestick" on a tripod base. Some authorities believe it is a palm branch and it is sometimes indecisively called a a palm-menorah. The strongest evidence that the palm-menorah actually is a menorah is a variation of this lamp with a cross on the nozzle. This suggests that Jews and Christians used the same type of lamp, differentiated only by their respective religious symbol, a phenomenon also encountered on North African Red-Slip Lamps. The type is found across Israel but most commonly in Jerusalem and within 50 kilometers of Jerusalem.
AL21776. Jewish Small "Candlestick" Oil Lamp; cf. Schloessinger 477, Menzel 657, Adler 905, Bailey BMC Q2300; 8.2 cm (3 1/4") long, near Choice, intact, bumps, encrustations, chip in filling hole rim, chip rear right shoulder (all visible in photos), small earlier variety, c. 350 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff light clay, tear drop shape from above, no handle, double rim around filling hole, decorative radiating pattern around shoulder continues on the nozzle with six branches from a central ridge (palm-menorah), ring base; $200.00 (176.00)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

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This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the Roman theater at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis

AL93905. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 ff. (none with cross); 8.9 cm (3 1/2") long, Choice, complete and intact, small bumps, light deposits, traces of a white slip, c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, convex shoulders ornamented with geometric pattern of dots and lines, cross on nozzle; rare with cross; $200.00 (176.00)


Ancient Israel, Pinched-Rim Oil Lamp, Late Bronze IIB - Iron Age I, c. 1300 - 1000 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This type of lamp has many nicknames including: pinched-rim, cocked hat, saucer, and shell type. With few exceptions, they can be roughly dated by the height of the base and the prominence of the rim opposite the nozzle. Both the height of the base and the width of the rim grew over time. On the earliest lamps the edge of the bowl is vertical with no outward folded rim. Most of the earliest lamps have a round bottom, with no distinct base. The last lamps of Southern Israel have a high stepped base comprised of a disk base on a distinct heel. On some of the latest Iron Age lamps the rim becomes so wide and the base so thick that the oil receptical appears somewhat impractically small. The simple pinched-rim form had a revival in the Hellenistic period, at which time the lamps were smaller and of a finer clay.
AH21344. Pinched-rim terracotta lamp; cf. Sussman p. 45, figure 5.28; Petrie Gerar 91l; 11.8 cm (4 5/8") wide, 11.5 cm (4 1/2") long, 5.2 cm (2") high, Choice, wear and tiny chips at the nozzle, shallow surface crack in reservoir (flaws visible in the photo), Late Bronze IIB - Iron Age I, c. 1300 - 1000 B.C.; buff pottery wheel-made lamp, sides pushed-in (pinched) to create elongated wick channel, wide rounded turned-out rim, thick round bottom; ex Edgar L. Owen; $180.00 (158.40)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Large Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

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Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths

AL93907. Large Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 10.8 cm (4 1/4") long, Choice, complete and intact, much of slip remaining, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink clay, cream-buff slip, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern also with raised dots on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle; much larger then usual for the type; $170.00 (149.60)


Greek, Athens(?), Miniature Pottery Oil Lamp, c. late 6th - mid 5th century B.C.

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The referenced lamp from Isthmia is a very similar miniature lamp with the same shape and same dull brown glaze on buff pottery. Broneer identifies it as, "probably a local [Athens] product." Broneer also writes, "There are no close parallels from the Athenian Agora. See Corinth IV, ii, p. 137, fig 61, which, however is later, as shown by the longer nozzle" On later examples of this type, the nozzle is long enough that the wick hole does not extend into the shoulder or discus.
AH21462. Broneer Isthmia type IV, 59 (very similar), cf. Corinth IV 61 (longer nozzle, later), Getty Museum 7 (same, pink clay, S. Italy), Choice, complete and intact, much of brown slip lost (visible in photo), 2.8 cm (1 1/8") high, 5.8 cm (2 1/4") long; wheel-turned, partial dull brown slip on slightly pink buff pottery, round, deep, flat bottomed bowl with sides narrowing slightly to a groove setting off a low round disc base, slightly concave discus, no handle, small short projecting nozzle with wick hole extending into the discus, large fill hole; ex Edgar L. Owen; $160.00 (140.80)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the ancient ruins at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis

AL93937. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 971 (slightly larger, very similar ornamentation); 8.9 cm (3 1/2") long, Choice, complete and intact, c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, radiating bands on convex shoulders, dots and lines (grapes on vine) on nozzle; $150.00 (132.00)




  



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Catalog current as of Monday, December 9, 2019.
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Ancient Pottery