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Miletos was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria. By the 6th century B.C., Miletus had earned a maritime empire with many colonies, but brushed up against powerful Lydia at home, and the tyrant Polycrates of its neighbor to the west, Samos. When Cyrus of Persia defeated Croesus of Lydia in the middle of the 6th century B.C., Miletus fell under Persian rule. Miletos, along with most of Anatolia, was taken from Persia by Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. Miletos' greatest wealth and splendor was reached during the Hellenistic era and Roman times. Its ruins are located near the modern town of Balat in Aydin Province, Turkey. The symbols found on coins of Miletos include the lion, a star, and Apollo.
Miletos, Ionia, c. 295 - 275 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great
In 295 B.C. Demetrius Poliorcetes, son of Antigonus, ruled the Macedonian Kingdom and was the eponymous archon (stephanephorus) of Miletos. The city was also allied with Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. Demetrius, however, failed to maintain his possessions and Lysimachus took control in the region. Nicocles of Sido, the commander of the Demetrius' fleet, surrendered Miletos. Lysimachus imposed high taxes which forced Miletus to resort to borrowing. Lysimachus dominated until 281 B.C., when he was defeated by Seleucus. In 280/279 B.C. the Milesians adopted the Seleucid era and the eponymous archon (stephanephorus) was Antiochus I, the successor of Seleucus. The following year, Ptolemy II made a large donation of land to the city; some years later he was honored through a resolution, which affirmed his friendship and alliance with the city. Miletus remained in the league of the Ptolemies until the end of the century.GS76137. Silver drachm, Price 2151, Müller Alexander 1057, SNG Berry 256, SNG Alpha Bank 635, SNG Saroglos 779, SNG München 591, VF, well centered and struck, toned, light corrosion, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, c. 295 - 275 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, eagle in right hand, long scepter in left hand, MI monogram left; $160.00 (€142.40)
Miletos, Ionia, c. 225 - 195 B.C.
We were unable to find another example with this monogram or magistrate's name.GB71996. Bronze AE 13, apparently unpublished; cf. Deppert-Lippitz 715 ff. (different monogram, etc.); SNG Cop 985 (obscure monogram, etc.); BMC Ionia -, F, green patina, encrustations, a few tiny patina chips, weight 1.590 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 45o, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, c. 225 - 195 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverselion standing right, looking back at star of eight rays, MI (Miletos) monogram over second monogram on right, magistrate's name (KAΨNIOΣ?) in exergue; unique(?); $90.00 (€80.10)
Miletos, Ionia, c. 225 - 195 B.C.
The ME monogram is listed in Deppert-Lippitz on drachms issued by the magistrates EYKΛEI∆HΣ (Eukleides) and TYXΩN (Tychon), but the bronze is apparently unpublished. The magistrate's name on our coin is obscure. GB90766. Bronze AE 14, apparently unpublished; cf. Deppert-Lippitz 715 ff. (different monogram, etc.); SNG Cop 985 (obscure monogram, etc.); BMC Ionia -, F, weight 2.157 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Miletos (near Balat, Turkey) mint, c. 225 - 195 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverselion standing right, looking back at star of eight rays, no exergue line, MI (Miletos) monogram over ME monogram right, magistrate's name below; ex Forum (2010); very rare; $45.00 (€40.05)
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