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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ DeultumView Options:  |  |  | 

Deultum, Thrace

The Roman Colony of Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria today) was founded during the reign of Vespasian on the west shore of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia, and settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta. The town followed the usual Roman plan, with a very good water supply, sewers, and impressive baths with floor heating. It became one of the richest towns in the province. During the reign Mark Aurelius, Deultum was protected by large fortified walls and for centuries it served as an important communication point and a bulwark against barbarian raids. In 812 Khan Krum conquered Develt (its medieval name), banished the local residents to the north of Danube River, and resettled the town with Bulgarians.


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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Colonia Flavia Pacensis (or Pacifica) Deultum was founded by Vespasian. The colony assumed his family name, Flavia, and on account of Vespasian's devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom he built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis (or Pacifica).
RP77123. Bronze AE 22, SNG Deultum 1746-1749 (same dies); Jurukova Deultum 454, Varbanov II 3023(?); BMC Thrace -, gVF, nice patina, nice style, reverse die wear and crack, weight 6.695 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, centration dimple; reverse CO-L FL PAC DEV,LT (LT in exergue), prow of galley left on waves, ram's head on point of ram, octopus and dolphin swimming left beside hull above waves; Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 31 (3 May 2015), lot 313; rare; $240.00 (213.60)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus, an Aethiopian king, and Cassiopeia. When Cassiopeia's boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, Poseidon sent a sea monster (Cetus Aethiopicus) to ravage Aethiopia as divine punishment. Andromeda was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to sate the monster, but she was saved by Perseus. Later Andromeda and Perseus were married.
SH63219. Brass AE 22, Draganov Deultum 1241a (O109/R592); Varbanov II 2758 (R6); BMC Thrace -; SNG Cop -, aF, weight 6.276 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus (on right) standing left, helping Andromeda (on left) come down from a rock after saving her, Medusa's head and harpa in his left hand, his right foot on the sea monster, Cetus Aethiopicus, turned to stone; very rare; $200.00 (178.00)


Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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Artemis is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture has a stag at her side. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Muse du Louvre, Paris.
RP79982. Bronze AE 25, Jurukova Deultum 80, SNG Deultum 162, Draganov Deultum 162 (O28/R284), Varbanov I 2169 (R4) corr. (running left), Moushmov 3573, SNG Cop -, VF, excellent portrait, well centered, nice sea green patina, light marks and scratches, areas of light corrosion, weight 9.948 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse C M OPEL ANTONINVS DIADV, bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse COL FL PA C DEVLT, Artemis (Diana) advancing right, drawing arrow from quiver with right hand, bow in left hand, dog bounding right at feet on far side; ex Apollo Numismatics ($125, summer 2008); rare; $165.00 (146.85)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Egypt and into Syria. At last arriving on Mount Palatine, she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever.
RP63710. Bronze AE 24, Draganov Deultum 1020 (O104/R501), Jurukova Deultum 291, Varbanov III 2544 (R4), Choice gVF, weight 9.457 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse IMP GORDI-ANVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL FL PAC - D-EVLT, Tyche-Fortuna standing left, wearing kalathos, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $100.00 (89.00)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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The Roman Colony of Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria today) was founded during the reign of Vespasian on the west shore of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia, and settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta. The town followed the usual Roman plan, with a very good water supply, sewers, and impressive baths with floor heating. It became one of the richest towns in the province. During the reign Mark Aurelius, Deultum was protected by large fortified walls and for centuries it served as an important communication point and a bulwark against barbarian raids. In 812 Khan Krum conquered Develt (its medieval name), banished the local residents to the north of Danube River, and resettled the town with Bulgarians.
RP68296. Bronze AE 22, Draganov Deultum 1258a (same dies), Jurukova Deultum 336, Varbanov II 2767 (R4), BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, excellent portrait, nice blue-green patina, weight 6.406 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 45o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse [I]MP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG (first I unstruck, AV ligate), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL FL PAC DEVLT (LT in exergue), River-god seated left, reed in right hand, scepter in left hand, left elbow on inverted vase from which water flows; $100.00 (89.00)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

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The Roman Colony of Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria today) was founded during the reign of Vespasian on the west shore of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia, and settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta. The town followed the usual Roman plan, with a very good water supply, sewers, and impressive baths with floor heating. It became one of the richest towns in the province. During the reign Mark Aurelius, Deultum was protected by large fortified walls and for centuries it served as an important communication point and a bulwark against barbarian raids. In 812 Khan Krum conquered Develt (its medieval name), banished the local residents to the north of Danube River, and resettled the town with Bulgarians.
RP90760. Bronze AE 19, SNG Deultum 1450, Youroukova 312, Varbanov 2891, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, weight 2.725 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 45o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse GORDIANVS IMP AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; reverse bull head right, C - F / P D (Colonia Flavia Pacensis Deultum) in field; ex John Jencek; scarce; $90.00 (80.10)







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REFERENCES

Draganov, D. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Bulgaria I, The Bobokov Bros. Collection, Vol. I, Thrace & Moesia Inferior, Pt. 1: Deultum. (Bulgaria, 2005).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Deultum. (Sofia, 2007).
Jurukova, J. Die Mnzprgung von Deultum. Griechisches Mnzwerk. Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike 8. (Berlin, 1973).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace (Parts 6 - 10). (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grce, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Pt. 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace. (Athens, 1970).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia), (English Edition). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, February 23, 2017.
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Deultum