, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., ,
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about ."SH85458. , okatassarion or ; 784; 1721 (R8); I, p. 419, 358 (R6); 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, 38.718 g, maximum 40.8 mm, 15o, mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and three-quarter length of left; MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the of a club set on the ground and holding an in his left hand; ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely ; $3820.00 (€3399.80)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos, Inferior
As first noticed by in the Catalogue, the die of this coin was also used to strike medallions for Marcianopolis and Tomis (see Marcianopolis 1098 note).SH85459. Bronze , hexassarion; 4434 (R8, same dies), I/II 2315 (4 specimens), EF, nice dark green , on a broad , marks and scratches, 25.655 g, maximum 36.8 mm, 180o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆-IANOC AVΓ, , draped, left, almost half-length, seen from front, raising right hand in greeting, globe in left hand; O∆HC-C-EITON, On the left, Hygeia standing right, holding in her left hand from which she feeds snake held in her right; to right, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined staff in his right hand; ex Stack's NYINC auction (9 Jan 2015), lot 261; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (25 Sep 2013), lot 23297; ex Heritage-Gemini (14 Apr 2011), lot 406; $1120.00 (€996.80)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . was invaded by the Galatians in 279 B.C. Only the wealthy coastal cities, including Mesembria, withstood their attacks. Following that chaos, rule of was divided between many tribes. Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C., tried to regain control of the for the , but his success was limited and short lived. Mesembria was taken by Mithradates VI in the First Mithradatic War and surrendered to in 71 B.C. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms as early as 275 B.C., more than 50 years after Alexander's death, and probably issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms struck anywhere, possibly under Roman rule as late as 65 B.C.SH85286. Silver , p. 84 and pl. VII, 41 (O7/R18); 992; 436, gVF, attractive , light marks and scratches, 17.000 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 180o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Corinthian helmet right over ΠA in inner left under arm; ex FORVM (2013); $700.00 (€623.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, , Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."CE77589. Silver , 413 (same dies); cf. 122/2 (for ) and 122/3 (for ), aVF, off-center, , marks and scratches, 10.665 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's ; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $400.00 (€356.00)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long in left hand, ∆H under arm, below throne; $360.00 (€320.40)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS84941. Silver , , group XVI, 1254 (O DD9 / R 888, unlisted die); 1040 ff., gVF, attractive , bold strike, bumps and marks, small edge crack, bent - left edge of bent upward, 16.641 g, maximum 32.9 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $350.00 (€311.50)
Pannonian , Skordoski, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) , c. 2nd Century B.C.
This normally has a prominent raised round (ball) cheek, but on this example the cheek is less prominent than most.
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the .CE85024. Bronze , cf. 193, 465; derived from the tetradrachms of , VF, bold strike, , , 10.015 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; devolved laureate of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel ; devolved horse trotting left, pellet in above; $300.00 (€267.00)
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