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Gaebler identified the Latin D on the reverse and the obversetype as a name pun for D. Junius Silanus, the Roman Praetor of Macedonia, in 142 - 141 B.C. This was a charming possibility but, based primarily on hoard evidence, MacKay (in ANSMN 14, 1968) and others have reassigned this type to the years immediately following the creation of the Roman Protectorate.GB84933. Bronze AE 21, MacKay pp. 8 - 9 & pl. III, 10; BMC Macedonia p. 14, 55; SNG Cop 1324 - 1326; AMNG III 212, TouratsoglouMacedonia 25; SNG Tub 1224, VF, nice green patina, reverse a little off center, weight 8.044 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 270o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 166 - 165 B.C.; obverse facing mask of Silenos wearing ivy wreath; reverse MAKE/∆ONΩN in two lines, Latin letter D above, all within ivy wreath; scarce; $220.00 (€195.80)
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, c. Mid 5th Century B.C.
Monkeys were kept as pets in antiquity. We know of only two ancient coin types depicting monkeys. One is this very raretype, with the monkey squatting either left or right. The other is an electrum hemihekte from Kyzikos, Mysia with fewer than five known specimens.CE84168. Silver tetartemorion, Tzamalis 67 var. (monkey left); cf, Svoronos HPM pl. 7, 13 (different reverse, damaged die?), aEF, very tiny coin, obverse a little off center, porous, weight 0.209 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, uncertain mint, c. mid 5th century B.C.; obverse monkey squatting right; reverse round shield within incuse square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 47; very rare; $200.00 (€178.00)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C. SH64053. Silver tetrobol, Robinson-Clement group D, 38 (same dies); Traité pl. 313, 10; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -, VF, weight 2.043 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; obverse OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of Apollo left; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara with eight strings, squared legend around, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $190.00 (€169.10)
Akanthos, Macedonia, c. 525 - 470 B.C.
Akanthos was on the Athos peninsula of Chalcidice, near modern Ierissos. The name Akanthos (derived from the acanthus bush) may refer to the thorny nature of the town's foundation. According to Thucydides, in the 7th century B.C., colonists from Andros and Chalcis arrived on the shore near Acanthus at the same time. The frightened natives fled. When the colonists realized the town was empty, each group sent a runner to take the town first. The Chalcidian was the fastest but the Andrian, seeing he was losing, stopped and threw his spear in the city's gate before his opponent arrived. A court case followed, which was won by the Andrians because they had "taken over" the city first.GA85066. Silver tetrobol, SNG Cop 7; SNG ANS 18; SNG Berry 4; Weber II 1875, BMC Macedonia p. 33, 10; AMNG III/2 13; Rosen 84, VF, well centered, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.317 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, Greece) mint, c. 525 - 470 B.C.; obverse forepart of lion right, head turned so the top of the head is seen, floral ornament (acanthus?) above, dotted line at truncation, dotted ground line; reverse quadripartite incuse square; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 245, part of lot 1906; $180.00 (€160.20)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 470 - 460 B.C.
Published examples of this type are about twice the weight of this coin and identified as diobols and trihemiobols. Our coin might be an underweight diobol or trihemiobol, but the weight is closer to an obol.
Eion was only about 3 miles from Amphipolis and after the 5th century was merely a seaport of its large neighbor. The denomination is either a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA79647. Silver obol, cf. SNG ANS 275; McClean 3084; BMC Macedonia p. 75, 21; AMNG III/2, p. 140, 37 (diobols and trihemiobols), VF, etched surfaces, weight 0.664 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, Eion mint, c. 470 - 460 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, on decorated base, left leg raised, head turned back, lizard left above, Θ lower left; reverse rough mill sail incuse pattern; $160.00 (€142.40)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The denomination is variously described as a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA77599. Silver trihemiobol, SNG ANS 280 - 283, SNG Cop 180 corr., SNG Berry 29, Klein 151, BMC Macedonia p. 75, 21, aVF, well centered, light toning, edge split, porous, weight 0.661 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; reverse quadripartite incuse square; $135.00 (€120.15)
Mende, Macedonia, 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of Eretria, on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze chalkous, SNG Cop 221; SNG ANS 397 var. (crescent above); BMC Macedonia p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; obversehead of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy wreath; reverse MEN, Amphora with tall handles, ivy branch left; scarce; $90.00 (€80.10)
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Issued during lifetime of Alexander the Great.GB84519. Bronze AE 18, Price 337, Müller Alexander 1558, SNG Manchester 716, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -, SNG München -, aVF, dark green patina, well centered on a tight flan, earthen deposits, porosity, light marks and scratches, weight 6.376 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 327 - 323 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, bow inside bow case above, club over AΛ and round shield below; rare; $80.00 (€71.20)
Skione, Macedonia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
Skione, in Pallene, on the southern coast of the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, east of the modern town of Nea Skioni, was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea. The Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled there after their ships were blown to the site by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their return from Troy. In early 423 B.C., encouraged by promises of support from the Spartan general Brasidas, Skione revolted against Athens. In summer 421, after a long siege, the Athenians took the city, put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. By Roman imperial times, Skione had nearly disappeared.GB67654. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 321, SNG ANS 716, SNG Evelpidis 1282, F, flan crack, weight 4.470 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Skione mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse diademed male head (Apollo?) right; reverse ΣKIΩ−N (or similar), Corinthian helmet right; rare; $55.00 (€48.95)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Edessa, Macedonia
Edessa, Macedonia struck coins from 27 B.C. to 268 A.D. Located on the Via Egnatia, the city prospered in under the Romans but disappeared from history after 500 A.D. In 304 B.C., Seleucus I Nicator commemorated Edessa, Macedonia by founding a city named Edessa in northern Mesopotamia.RP83477. Bronze diassarion, Papaefthymiou 33 ff., (D12/-); BMC Macedonia p. 40, 27; Varbanov II 3669 (R4); SNG Cop 169; Lindgren 1086 (none with this reverse die), F, well centered, green patina, centration dimple on reverse, large pit on reverse, weight 10.085 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Edessa mint, obverse AV K M AN ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse E∆ECCAIΩN, Roma seated left on shield, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, Nike in right hand, parazonium in left hand; Tyche standing behind Roma, wearing turreted crown, crowning Roma with a wreath in her right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $50.00 (€44.50)
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