, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The first mint portrait , and a highly sought after .SH84794. , 33; p. 152, 36; 47; 4; 1800, gF, excellent centering and strike, attractive portrait, worn and scraped on high points, bumps and scratches, 27.881 g, maximum 35.6 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; IVLIA, the three sisters of standing, in the guises of , , and , S C ( ) in ; ; $2260.00 (€2011.40)
, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
The on the is the corona civica, the oak awarded to Roman citizens ex (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with , who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.SH85460. , 37, 38, 24, 50, -, VF, and struck, 25.486 g, maximum 35.9 mm, 180o, mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; C AVG PON M , laureate left; / P P / OB CIVES / in four lines within Corona Civica oak ; ex Stack's, Bowers, and Ponterio, 30 Oct 2014, Baltimore Auction, lot 242; ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
was the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and . claimed direct descent from the goddess through her son, , who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. sacrificed to her and believed she would ensure he was victorious. The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity. The on the was likely intended to advertise the beginning of a new age.SH84760. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I 4165, Imperators 106a, 1412, F, light , slightly off center on a tight oval , right side of unstruck, scratches, light , 3.603 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 270o, mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays around a central pellet behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her right hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand, facing left, holding in both ; $1210.00 (€1076.90)
, Daughter of , Wife of , Mother of , Grandmother of
was the daughter of Marc Antony and , the wife of , the mother of , and a grandmother of . Renowned for her beauty and virtue, was revered by the Roman people. She was probably poisoned by or committed suicide. She never loved her son , calling him a monster and a fool, but he posthumously made her Augusta in 41 A.D. and issued all her coinage.SH68887. Silver , 66, 111, 2, 1900, F, , 3.717 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 225o, mint, struck under , c. 41 - 42 A.D.; , draped right, wearing barley ; (consistency of the emperor), standing facing, draped as , long torch in right, in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; (R2); $880.00 (€783.20)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of , of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $540.00 (€480.60)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican , the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $510.00 (€453.90)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
This counterclockwise variety is apparently very , with none on Coin Archives, and we couldn't find a single example online. and do not identify the direction and the types are not included on the plates. Their examples are more likely the more common clockwise varieties. The RIC coin is from different dies.RB71567. , cf. , 1, 134 (R2); 139; p. 258, 174; C3863 var. (AVGVSTI); 163 var. ( leg. clockwise), F, corrosion, pitting, 24.279 g, maximum 32.9 mm, 180o, mint, early 80 A.D.; IMP T AVG P P COS (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate right; (the peace of the Emperor, clockwise from upper left), Pax standing left, branch in right hand, in left hand, ( ) flanking across ; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
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