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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ Justice & EquityView Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS88844. Silver denarius, Woytek 278b, RIC II 118, RSC II 85, BMCRE III 281, BnF IV 257, Strack I 144, Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, attractive toning, a few marks and scratches, weight 3.618 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 108 - 109 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Aequitas standing slightly, left head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 72, part of lot 1047; $150.00 (127.50)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RB91005. Copper as, RIC II-1 V441, BnF III 631, Cohen I 6, SRCV I 2473, Hunter I -, BMCRE -, aVF, broad flan, rough, porous, corrosion, weight 11.095 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 72 A.D.; obverse T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS II, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGVSTI (the equity of the emperors), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, long scepter vertical in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower half of field; ex Eric J. Engstrom Collection; $95.00 (80.75)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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In 194, Septimius Severus marched with his army of 12 legions to Cilicia and defeated Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria, at the Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch where he was executed by Severus' troops.
RS87232. Silver denarius, RIC IV 344; BMCRE V p. 83, 319; RSC III 18; SRCV II 6258, VF, excellent Alexandria style portrait, tight flan cutting off much of the legends, worn reverse die, edge cracks, weight 1.931 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 200o, Alexandria mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS II, Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RB89533. Copper as, RIC II 1229 (R), Lyon 88 var. (same), BMCRE II -, BnF III -, Hunter I -, Cohen I -, SRCV I -, F, well centered, Tiber patina, areas of porosity and corrosion, part of reverse legend weak, weight 8.714 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII P P, laureate head left; reverse AEQVITAS AVGVSTI (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower half of field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA74573. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1610i, RSC IV 25c, RIC V-1 S627, Hunter IV p. lxix, SRCV III 10168, VF, nice portrait, white metal, parts of legends weak, porous, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 170o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 264 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in exergue; $40.00 (34.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In 262, the Goths invaded Asia Minor and destroyed the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
RL88814. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 500q (VI), Hunter IV S9, RSC IV 25a, SRCV III 10167, RIC V-1 S159 var. (officina), F, well centered, tight flan, earthen deposits, scattered light porosity, weight 2.968 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina(?), Rome mint, c. 262 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, III (probably poorly engraved VI) in right field; $19.00 (16.15)







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Monday, May 20, 2019.
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Justice