Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by Rome to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, The Erkki Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, I, Karia
The Erkki Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, I, Karia
RichardOften called , editor. or SNG Helsinki. This volume, one of two for the Collection, is a primary reference for the coins of Karia. It is difficult to obtain but essential for dealers and specialist collectors.BKBKARIA. , The Erkki Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, I, Karia, 32 plates, 926 coins, ONLY ONE COPY AVAILABLE; $140.00 (€124.60)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Most references attribute the to Myus. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB69183. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), VF, pitting, 1.910 g, maximum 11.0 mm, 270o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hekatomnos, c. 392 - 377 B.C.
was a native of Mylasa, which he made his capital and the seat of his government. His coins often depict Zeus Labrandenos from the celebrated temple of that name near Mylasa. The Persian emperor appointed to command naval forces in the war against Evagoras of , but he not only took no in support of the Emperor, but secretly supplied Evagoras with money for mercenaries. The disorganized Persian monarchy took no action against and he continued to rule until his death. He left three sons, , Idrieus and Pixodarus - all of whom - in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty.GS76809. Silver tetartemorion, 2c, 848 ff., 837 ff., 3312 ff., 507, II -, -, gVF, of flat strike on male , , 0.172 g, maximum 5.9 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left, tongue protruding; male ( ?) facing slightly left, with long hair, no inscriptions or , all within a round ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, Uncertain City (probably Mylasa), c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Among the smallest coins ever minted.GA76794. Silver tetartemorion, 940 - 943, I 926, VF, 0.150 g, maximum 5.7 mm, 165o, Carian mint, c. 420 - 390 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left; bird standing left within square; $115.00 (€102.35)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB67788. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), F, 1.655 g, maximum 11.1 mm, 0o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Halikarnassos(?), , c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the Carian . The ram may be a symbol of as the god of flocks and herds.GA72261. Silver , 873 (uncertain mint), 996, 496, 3316, -, -, VF, 0.507 g, maximum 8.6 mm, 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; of ram right; young male right, retrograde (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $95.00 (€84.55)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 BC
According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
GP84507. Bronze , 793 (Ptolemy II, Ake-Ptolemais), 80 (Ptolemy III), -, -, -, -, -, -, F, green , earthen deposits, edge cracks, minor edge chipping, , , 3.405 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, (Halicarnassus?) mint, 246 - 222 BC; diademed of Zeus right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing half left atop , left, wings closed, tripod in left ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $90.00 (€80.10)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 8: Mugla Museum, Volume 1,
BK65556. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 8: Mugla Museum, Volume 1, , Istanbul, 2012; hardbound, quatro, 15 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (377 coins); $80.00 (€71.20)
Mylasa, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
Mylasa (Milas, Turkey today) was often mentioned by ancient writers. The first mention is from early 7th century B.C., when Arselis, a Carian leader from Mylasa, helped Gyges in his fight for the Lydian throne. Under , Mylasa was the chief city of . Mylasa joined the Delian League c. 455 B.C., but Persian rule was by 400. Mylasa was the hometown and first capital of the Hecatomnid dynasty, nominally Persian satraps, but practically kings of and the surrounding region, 377 - 352 B.C. In the Hellenistic era, the city was contested by Alexander's successors, but prospered. Mylasa was severely damaged in the Roman Civil War in 40 B.C., but again regained prosperity under Roman rule.GB67789. Bronze AE 13, 34; 422; 226; p. 129, 11; 6528; 4911, VF, light corrosion, 1.915 g, maximum 12.5 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; free horse trotting right; ornamented trident , M−Y flanking shaft; $75.00 (€66.75)
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