Crusaders(?), Imitative of Zangids of Syria, c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,
Constantine X, Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.
This coin is a crude imitative of an Islamic fals of the Zangids of Syria, Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, Syria), 1146 - 1173 (Spengler-Sayles 73, Album 1850). That type was itself also imitative, copying a Byzantine follis of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 (DOC III 8, SBCV 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the crusaders, this is one.BZ77974. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders -; cf. Spengler-Sayles 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), Album 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the Crusaders), F, desert patina, tight flan, weight 2.798 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; obverse two Byzantine style imperial figures (Constantine X and Eudocia) standing facing, supporting between them labarum resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of Kufic legend inner left; reverse Christ standing facing, nimbate, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, IC - XC flanking head, blundered imitation of legend around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren;
$140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
In 1064, the Seljuk Turks stormed Anatolia, taking Caesarea and Ani, marking the beginning of Turkish incursions into Anatolia.BZ77970. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 9; SBCV 1854; Sommer 52.7; Wroth BMC 32; Morrisson BnF 31; Ratto 2018; overstruck on SBCV 1853, aVF, areas of corrosion, weight 9.291 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse + EMMANOVHΛ, bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, IC-XC; reverse +KWN RACIΛ-EVC O ∆OVK, Constantine X bust facing, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding cross and akakia; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren;
$55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50
Constantine X seems to have been a weak, ineffective leader. His wife, Eudocia, had great power within the empire, and was thought by some to be "the power behind the throne." Upon the death of Constantine X, his eldest son, Michael VII was still a child, so Eudocia took over as regent.SH53307. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III 2, Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/10, Wroth BMC 4, Ratto 2011, Sommer 52.2, SBCV 1848, gVF, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse + IhS XIS REX REGNANTIhm, Christ seated facing on lyre-backed throne, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising hand in benediction; reverse + KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, the Virgin Mary (on right) standing facing, M - Θ flanking her head, crowing Constantine, who stands facing, globus cruciger in his left hand; Constantine standing facing, holding globus cruciger and being crowned by the Theotokos standing facing to right; SOLD
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Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 22, 2017.
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