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Athens, Greece, New StyleTetradrachm, 149 -148 B.C.
The "New Style" tetradrachms were issued by Athens as a semi-autonomous city under Roman rule. The archons (magistrates) full names were likely Ammonios and Dionysios. The letters below the amphora are believed to be a bullion marking, indicating the source of the silver used to strike the coin. SH86315. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson Athens 109c (same dies), Svoronos Athens pl. 38, 17 (same); SNG Cop 119 var. (H vice I rev. lower left); BMC Attica p. 31, 305 var. (same), VF, attractive style, tone, bumps, scratches, weight 16.511 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, 149 -148 B.C.; obversehead of Athena Parthenos right, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet ornamented with horse protomes above the visor, flying Pegasos above the raised earpiece, and an aplustre on the bowl; reverse owl standing right on amphora on its side right, head facing, palm frond behind, A−ΘE divided across upper field, ΠO/ΛY over I left, TI and P/M/∆ monogram right, ME on amphora, all within olive wreath; rare; $400.00 (€340.00)
Apollonia, Illyria, Greece, c. 120 - 70 B.C.
Strabo, in about 17 A.D. wrote: "On the territory of the people of Apollonia in Illyria there is what is called a nymphaeum. It is a rock which emits fire. Below it are springs flowing with hot water and asphalt..." The Nymphaeum was likely a burning natural gas seep.GS83574. Silver drachm, BMC Thessaly p. 59, 41 - 42; SNG Cop 398; Maier p. 15, 120, VF, bumps, scratches, corrosion, small edge split, weight 3.05 g, maximum diameter 17.34 mm, die axis 90o, Apollonia mint, magistrates Aibatios & Chairenos, c. 120 - 70 B.C.; obverse AIBATIOΣ, cow standing left, head turned back right, suckling calf standing right, grain ear left in exergue; reverse AΠOΛ − XAI−PH−NOΣ, the Nymphaeum of Apollonia ablaze, lagobolon below, within double linear square with sides curved inward; very rare; $160.00 (€136.00)
Achaean League, Pallantion, Achaia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 88 - 30 B.C.
GS85328. Silver triobol or hemidrachm, Benner p. 86, 4; BMC Peloponnesus 124; BCD Peloponnesos 1593.2; McClean 6507; Clerk 219; SNG Cop 290; Hunterian 26; Dewing 1851; HGC 5 969 (R1), aVF, weight 2.085 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 225o, Pallantion (near Tripoli, Arcadia, Greece) mint, c. 88 - 30 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left; reverse large Achaian League (AX) monogram, Π-A-Λ clockwise from left side, YE monogram and trident head upward below, all within laurel wreath; $140.00 (€119.00)
Tegea, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 50 - 25 B.C.
Aleos was the mythical founder of Alea and the king of Tegea. Kepheos was his son and successor as king. When Kepheos and all of his 20 sons joined Herakles on his campaign against King Hippocoon of Sparta, Athena (or Herakles in some sources) presented a lock of Medusa's hair to Kepheos' daughter Sterope. This lock made Tegea, the home of a major sanctuary of Athena, unconquerable despite the absence of its men. Kepheos and all of his sons (or 17 in some sources) were killed on the campaign against Sparta. GB85887. Bronze hemiobol, BCD Peloponnesos 1749; BMC Peloponnesus p. 202, 20; Nemea 1967, SNG Cop 314; Weber 4353; HGC 5 1056, Fair/Fine, pitting, edge chipping, weight 2.544 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 270o, Tegea (Alea, Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece) mint, c. 50 - 25 B.C.; obversehead of Aleos right, wearing tainia; reverse Kepheos standing right, holding spear and shield and extending hand to Athena standing left, holding spear and lock of Medusa's hair; between them stands Sterope, holding vessel to receive the lock; monograms in center above and below; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex J. Aiello; ex BCD Collection; ex Bruun Rasmussen auction 498 (17 Sep 1987); deacquisition (duplicate) Danish National Museum, Copenhagen; very rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
Thessalian League, Greece, Mid - Late 1st Century B.C.
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. Greece. Philip II of Macedon took control of Thessaly in 344 B.C and it remained under Macedonia until the Roman victory in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia in 146 B.C.GB71024. Bronze dichalkon (or obol), BCD Thessaly II 907.2, SNG Cop 331, Rogers 59, Burrer p. 62, BMC Thessaly -, VF, weight 7.412 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Larissa(?) mint, Philokrates, Italos, and Petraios, magistrates; obverse ΦIΛOKPA−TOYΣ (magistrate), head of Athena right, wearing crested helmet and aegis; reverse ΘEΣΣA−ΛΩN, Athena Itonia standing left, Nike standing left offering wreath in her extended right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield behind, spear standing behind, ITA−ΛOY (magistrate) across upper field, ΠETPAIOΣ exergue; $100.00 (€85.00)
Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, Early 1st Century B.C.
Megara is in westAttica, the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis, which belonged to Megara in archaic times, before being taken by Athens. Megara was a trade port, its people using their ships and wealth as a way to gain leverage on armies of neighboring poleis. Megara specialized in exportation of wool and other animal products including livestock such as horses. It possessed two harbors, Pegae, to the west on the Corinthian Gulf and Nisaea, to the east on the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea. GB85897. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 38; SNG Cop 471; BMC Attica p. 120, 16; Kroll 647; HGC 4 1795 (S), aVF, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, marks, some corrosion, weight 3.242 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 90o, Megara mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reversetripod lebes, MEΓA/PEΩN flanking in two downward lines, the first on the right; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex BCD with his ticket; ex Schulten Co (27 Mar 1990), lot 97 (DM 80+15%); scarce; $85.00 (€72.25)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Thessalian League
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. Greece. Philip II of Macedon took control of Thessaly in 344 B.C and it remained under Macedonia until the Roman victory in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia in 146 B.C. BCD notes, "The League coinage for Domitian must have been quite abundantly struck. It circulated over a wide area, and for a very long time, almost certainly until the reign of Gallienus."RP83541. Bronze diassarion, RPC II 277; Rogers 88; Burrer p. 167, 1 ff.; BCD Thessaly I 1407; BCD Thessaly II 946; BMC Thessaly p. 7, 76; SNG Cop 339; SNG Munchen 253, F, well centered, marks and scratches, centration dimple on reverse, weight 5.427 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalian League mint, 1st emission, c. 13 Sep 81 - 83 A.D.; obverse ∆OMITIANON KAIΣAPA ΘEΣΣAΛOI, laureate head of Domitian right; reverse ∆OMITIAN ΣEBAΣΣTHN, draped bust of Domitia Longina right, her hair in a long queue tied up at the back; $70.00 (€59.50)
Thespiai, Boiotia, Greece, 146 - 27 B.C.
Thespiae stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which run eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes, near modern Thespies. During the Hellenistic Period, Thespiae sought the friendship of the Roman Republic in the war against Mithridates VI. It is subsequently mentioned by Strabo as a place of some size, and by Pliny as a free city within the Roman Empire, a reward for its support against Mithridates. Thespiae hosted an important group of Roman negotiatores until the refoundation of Corinth in 44 B.C.GB76252. Bronze AE 14, BCD Boiotia 611; Head Boeotia p. 94, pl. VI, 13; BMC Central p. 92, 14, pl. XVI, 12; SNG Cop 406 - 407; HGC 4 1408 (S), VF, weight 3.511 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Thespiai mint, 146 - 27 B.C.; obverse female (Arsinoe III) head right, wearing kalathos and veil; reversechelys, ΘEΣΠI/EΩN in two downward lines, starting on right, ending on left, all in laurel wreath; ex BCD with his tag noting, "Pz. nz. Th., Jan 86, 1000 drs."; scarce; $60.00 (€51.00)
Thespiai, Boiotia, Greece, 146 - 27 B.C.
Thespiae stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which run eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes, near modern Thespies. During the Hellenistic Period, Thespiae sought the friendship of the Roman Republic in the war against Mithridates VI. It is subsequently mentioned by Strabo as a place of some size, and by Pliny as a free city within the Roman Empire, a reward for its support against Mithridates. Thespiae hosted an important group of Roman negotiatores until the refoundation of Corinth in 44 B.C.GB76253. Bronze AE 16, BCD Boiotia 611; Head Boeotia p. 94, pl. VI, 13; BMC Central p. 92, 14, pl. XVI, 12; SNG Cop 406 - 407; HGC 4 1408 (S), F, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 4.046 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Thespiai mint, 146 - 27 B.C.; obverse female (Arsinoe III) head right, wearing kalathos and veil; reversechelys, ΘEΣΠI/EΩN in two downward lines, starting on right, ending on left, all in laurel wreath; ex BCD with his tag noting, "Ex Ian Johnson, FPL, Vol. XI, no. 5, Sep 92, no. 4"; scarce; $60.00 (€51.00)
Thessalian League, Thessaly, Greece, c. 146 - 27 B.C.
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. Greece. Philip II of Macedon took control of Thessaly in 344 B.C and it remained under Macedonia until the Roman victory in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after Thessaly became part of the province of Macedonia in 146 B.C.GB66043. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers Thessaly 43; BMC Thessaly p. 5, 62 - 63; SNG Cop 324 ff. var. (various magistrate names on obv); BCD Thessaly II 904 ff. var. (same), VF, weight 3.713 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 45o, Thessaly mint, c. 146 - 27 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right, IΠΠIA/TAΣ(?) (magistrate) above and below; reverse ΘEΣ−Σ/AΛΩ−N, horse trotting right; ex Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.; $45.00 (€38.25)
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