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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Cappadocian KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Cappadocian Kingdom

The Cappadocian Kingdom was established after the death of Alexander. The Ariarathes dynasty used political alliances to maintain rule, however, Cappadocia eventually became a battleground for the conflicts between the Kingdom of Pontus and the Roman Empire. When Mithridates placed his own candidate on the throne, the Roman Senate declared that the administration of Cappadocia should be placed in the hands of the people, and removed him. It seems, however, the Senate didn't actually mean the Cappadocian people. In 17 A.D., Rome established the Provincia Cappadocia, ruled by a Roman procurator.

Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariarathes IX Eusebes Philopator, 101 - 87 B.C.

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Ariarathes IX was one of the many sons of Mithradates VI, which the mighty King of Pontos used as a puppet ruler for Cappadocia. The boy was only 8 years of age when his father assigned him to a task that will eventually claim his life.
SH79753. Silver drachm, Simonetta 9a, SNG Cop Supp. 903, Cohen DCA 459, HGC 7 845 (S), VF, nice mature portrait, toned, marks and scratches, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.940 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebia mint, c. 89 - 87 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIAPAΘOY EYΣEBOYΣ, Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike holding wreath in right hand, left hand supports spear and shield, A/N monogram inner left, IΓ (year 13) in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (59.50)

Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, c. 96 - 63 B.C.

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Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS72847. Silver drachm, Simonetta 45a; BMC Galatia p. 40, 22; Cohen DCA 460 (67/66 B.C.); HGC 7 846 (65/64 B.C.), F, uneven strike , die break on reverse, weight 3.953 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebeia under Mount Argaios mint, c. 65 - 64 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY, Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike extending wreath in right hand, grounded shield and spear in left, ΓA monogram (control symbol or official's monogram) inner left, AΛ (year 31) in exergue (A is barely visible in hand); $60.00 (51.00)

Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocia, Time of Archelaus, King of Cappadocia, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

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Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
GB67798. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 6334, SGCV II 5703, SNG Cop 166 corr. (laureate head/fillets vice lion skin on club), BMC Galatia -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, F, weight 6.498 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Eusebeia (Caesarea) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse bare-headed bust of Herakles right, lion skin draped over shoulders; reverse EVΣE BEIAΣ, lion skin draped on club, monogram below; rare; $50.00 (42.50)



Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Simonetta, A.M. The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (2007).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Supplement, Acquisitions 1942-1996. (Vastervik, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, etc.. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 24, 2018.
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Cappadocian Coins