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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Philip IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Philippus Severus (Philip II) was the son of the Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. He was six years old when, in February or March 244, his father became emperor and he was made caesar. In 247, he was consul, and in July or August, he was elevated to Augustus and co-ruler. His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in late 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged eleven years.


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria

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In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP87838. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1032(b) (ex. rare), Prieur 402A, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, VF, well centered, uneven toning, earthen deposits,, weight 10.929 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassed bust left, without aegis, seen from the front; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 3rd time), eagle standing right, head right, wings open, neither wing behind leg, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; extremely rare; $180.00 (€153.00)
 


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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS87914. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV p. 98, 232 (Philip I); Bland 80; RSC IV 33a, SRCV III 9268, Hunter III - (p. xciii), Choice EF, excellent centering, much mint luster, slight weakness to centers, weight 4.572 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 4 years, consul, father of the country), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Beast Coins, ex Freeman and Sear; scarce; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP78010. Bronze AE 27, Krzyzanowska I/3; SNG BnF 1273; BMC Lycia p. 197, 119; SNG Cop 79; SNGvA 4974, Choice F, well centered, porous, weight 10.254 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CAES ANTIOCH COL, Pax advancing left, raising olive branch in right hand, scepter in left hand, wearing long chiton, S - R flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea, Cilicia

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Diocaesarea, Cilicia was known as Olba until it was renamed during the reign of Vespasian. According to a legend told by Strabo (Geography, 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by Ajax, one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.
RP57201. Bronze AE 29, SNG BnF 886, SNG Levante 678, SNG PfPS 423, Staffieri 27, BMC Lycaonia -, gF, weight 14.238 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cilicia, Diocaesarea mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ligate), thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms, KENNATΩ in exergue; rare; $45.00 (€38.25)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MIVLPHILIPPVSCAES
MIVLPHILIPPVSNOBILCAES
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - http://ettuantiquities.com/Philip_1/Philip1-Bland-list.htm
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
Óvári, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairól" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, March 25, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Philip II