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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ ViminaciumView Options:  |  |  | 

Viminacium, Moesia Superior (Stari Kostolac, Serbia)

Viminacium, a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. and the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, was located about 20 km to the east of modern Kostolac, Serbia. Colonial coins are known of the emperors from Gordian III, dated AN I, Anno Primo, (year 1, autumn 239 - autumn 240 A.D.) to Valerian and Gallienus, dated AN XVI, Anno Sexto Decimo, (year 16, autumn 254 - autumn 255 A.D.). The usual reverse legend on the colonial coinage is P. M. S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual reverse type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull, and sometimes holding standards inscribed VII and IIII. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII Claudia and IV Flavia Felix, which were quartered in the province. The rebel Pacatian opened his mint at Viminacium in 248. Valerian opened an imperial mint at Viminacium. The city was destroyed in 440 by the Huns, rebuilt by Justinian I, and destroyed again by the Avars in 584.


The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Superior, Viminacium

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A catalog of the coinage of Viminacium. The degree of rarity from R1 to R10 is given for each type.
BK11789. The Coinage of Moesia Superior: Viminacium by N. Hristova, N. & G. Jekov, 2004, in Bulgarian, paperback, 102 coins, 230 pictures, 64 pages, used, good condition; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP71499. Bronze AE 28, H-J Viminacium 32 (R2); Varbanov I 138 (R3); AMNG I/I 105; BMC Thrace p. 17, 25, aF, well centered, rough, encrusted, weight 15.422 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 45o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VIIII (year 9 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; $22.00 SALE PRICE $19.80
 


Hostilian, Summer - November 251 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior

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Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
SH27027. Bronze AE 26, RPC Online IX 37, H-J Viminacium 68 (R3), Varbanov I 194 (R3), AMNG I/II 148, SNG Cop 166, SNG Hunterian 964, SNG Munchen 206, SNG Budapest 452, gVF, attractive green patina, centered on a tight flan, scratch, weight 12.026 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, as caesar, mid 250 - Nov 251 A.D.; obverse C VAL HOST M QVINTVS CAE, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN XII (year 12 of the Viminacium colonial era) in exergue; SOLD







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REFERENCES

BnF Gallica: the digital library of the Bibliothèque nationale de France - http://gallica.bnf.fr
Boric-Brescovic, B. Coins of the Colony of Viminacium. (Belgrade, 1976).
Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Hristova, N. & G. Jekov. The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Superior, Viminacium. (Blagoevgrad, 2004).
Martin, F. Kolonial Prägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia. (Budapest-Bonn, 1992).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. & K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online Vol. IX - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, II: Dacia - Moesia Superior. (Milan, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Slovenia, Ljubljana. Narodni muzej III: Moesia Superior. Collection Kecskés. Part 1: Viminacium. (1996).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 22, 2017.
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Viminacium