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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Secessionist Empires ▸ VictorinusView Options:  |  |  | 

Gallic Empire, Victorinus, summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

Victorinus succeeded Marius to the throne of the Gallic Empire. During his reign, Spain rejoined the rest of the Roman Empire. His officers, offended by his relentless pursuit of married women including their wives, murdered him. The Gallic Empire


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Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
RA25967. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 114, Schulzki AGK 9b, Cohen VI 49, Elmer 683, Mairat 257, Cunetio 2534, SRCV III 11170, Choice EF, superb portrait, nice reverse, beautiful chocolate patina - an exceptional coin for this emperor, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 268 - 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse INVICTVS, Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, star left; ex Jean Elesen, V 86, 381; SOLD


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From the Braithwell Hoard found 1 Sep 2002 by Mr. P. Leech at the village of Braithwell, South Yorkshire.
RA52926. Billon antoninianus, Cunetio 2550 (5 examples); Mairat 287; RIC V-2 78 var. (Virtus right); Braithwell Report 158 (1 example in the hoard), aEF, weight 3.610 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 4th emission, c. early 271 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), soldier (Virtus?) standing left, right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in left; very rare; SOLD


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA77907. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 1c, RIC V 41, Elmer 702, Cohen VI 8, SRCV III 11166, Hunter - (p. xcviii), gVF, nice for the issue, dark patina, excellent portrait, some die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C PI VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby Coins; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOVICTORINOPIO
IMPCMPIAVVONIVSVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCPIVICTORINVSAVG
IMPCPIVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCPIAVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCPIAVVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCPIAVVONIVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCVICTORINVSAVG
IMPCVICTORINVSPAVG
IMPCVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPCAESVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPPIVICTORINVSAVG
IMPPIAVVICTORINVSAVG
IMPPIAVVONIVSVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPVICTORINVSAVG
IMPVICTORINVSPFAVG
IMPVICTORINVSPIVSAVG
VICTORINVSAVG
VICTORINVSPFAVG


REFERENCES

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. CHRB VIII. (London, 1988).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
De Witte, J. Recherches sur les empereurs qui ont régné dans les Gaules au IIIe siècle de l'ère chrétienne. (Lyon, 1868).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941). pp. 1 -106.
Mairat, J. Le monnayage de l'Empire Gaulois. CGB Rome XV. (Fixed Price List, 2004).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schulte, B. Die Goldprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
Schulzki, H. Die Antoninianprägung der Gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 1996).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Weder, M. "Münzen und Münzstätten der Gallisch-Römischen Kaiser, Teil I" in SNR 76 (1997).
Weder, M. "Münzen und Münzstätten der Gallisch-Römischen Kaiser, Teil II" in SNR 77 (1998).
http://www.Gallic-Empire.com - http://www.gallic-empire.com/victorinusantcomplete.htm
Zschucke, C. Die Bronze-Teilstück-Prägungen der römischen Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
Zschucke, C. Die römische Münzstätte Köln. (Trier, 1993).

Catalog current as of Friday, June 22, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Victorinus