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Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael II (his father), 12 May 821 (or 1 June 822) - 2 October 829 A.D. Joint rule with Constantine (his son), 5 June 830 - c. 831 A.D. Joint rule with Michael III (his son), 1 September 840 - 20 January 842 A.D. Theophilus was the son of Emperor Michael II, who raised him to the rank of co-emperor shortly after his own accession. Though his father was a little educated rough soldier, Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery in early 842, leaving his two-year-old son, Michael III as his successor.
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.BZ76335. Bronze follis, Anastasi 554b; Spahr 413; DOC III-1 29a; Morrisson 32/Sy/AE/01; Sommer 31.13; SBCV 1680, Nice VF, broad heavy flan for the type, nice green patina, weight 5.418 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 831 - 835 A.D.; obverse ΘEOFIL bAS, crowned bust facing, wearing loros, cross potent in right; reverse MIXHAL S CONST, facing busts of Michael II (left) and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, star above center; rare this size; $215.00 (€182.75)
Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Some regard Theophilus as one of the best Byzantine emperors, others as an ordinary and insignificant ruler. He certainly did his best to check corruption and oppression. His personal leadership in battle indicates he was not afraid to command and put his life alongside that of his soldiers. Despite the drain of war and the large sums spent on building, commerce, and industry, the finances of the Empire flourished, largely due to highly efficient administration. He strengthened the Walls of Constantinople and built a hospital, which continued in existence until the twilight of the Empire.BZ71131. Bronze half follis, Anastasi 562; Ratto 1837; DOC III-1 29c (follis); SBCV 1680 (follis); Spahr 414 (follis); Sommer 31.14 (follis); Trivero -; Calciati MBBS -, VF, typical tight flan and uneven strike, "emaciated face" style variant, weight 1.821 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 835 - 20 Jan 842; obverse ΘEOFIL bAS, bust facing, wearing domed crown, loros, cross potent in right; reverse + MIXHAL S CONST, facing busts of Michael II (left) and Constantine, each wears domed crown and chlamys, star above center; $80.00 (€68.00)
Byzantine Empire, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose iconoclasm probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian help, he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs still occupied Crete and initiated an invasion of Sicily.BZ67289. Bronze follis, Anastasi 513; DOC III-1 21; Sommer 30.8.3; Wroth BMC 20; Morrisson BnF 31/Sy/AE/01; Tolstoi 27; Ratto 1814; SBCV 1652, VF, rough patina, some earthen encrustations, weight 4.173 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829; obverse MIXA-HL - S ΘEOF (F upside down), facing crowned busts of Michael, on left with short beard and chlamys, and Theophilus, beardless with loros; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, Θ below; scarce; $45.00 (€38.25)
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