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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Ionia ▸ PhokaiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Phokaia, Ionia

Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost Ionian city, on the boundary with Aeolis, near the mouth of the river Hermus (now Gediz), on a peninsula separating the Gulf of Cyme to the north, and the Gulf of Smyrna (now İzmir) to the south. Phocaea had two harbors, allowing it to develop a thriving seafaring economy, and to become a great naval power. The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empúries, Catalonia, Spain), and Elea (Velia, Campania, Italy). Phocaea was independent until all of mainland Ionia fell under Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., Lydia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia. After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I in 480 B.C., Phocaea joined the Delian League. In 412 B.C., it rebelled with the rest of Ionia and in 387 B.C. Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 521 - 478 B.C.

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Although this obol with the head right is unpublished in references we know of six examples sold at auction in the past decade. Examples with the head right are approximately 0.8 grams (obols), not the approximately 1.3 grams (hemihekte) normal for the type with the head left.
GA71653. Silver obol, Unpublished in references; cf. Klein 454 (head left), VF, some encrustation, corrosion, weight 0.796 g, maximum diameter 10.2 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse head of nymph right, wearing sakkos and earring; reverse quadripartite incuse square; very rare; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 521 - 478 B.C.

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Phokaia was the most northerly of the Ionian communities in Anatolia and was the mother city of many colonies in the western Mediterranean area, including Massalia (modern Marseille, France).
GA83591. Silver hemihekte, cf. Cahn Ionische 6 (somewhat similar journeyman style), Klein 452 (diobol), SNG Kayhan 526, SNGvA 1813, Rosen 596 (trihemiobol), VF, etched and porous, edge crack, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 1.247 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse head of nymph left, wearing sakkos and earring with six pearls; reverse quadripartite incuse square without clear cross-hair lines; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Hermes is the messenger of the gods in Greek mythology. An Olympian god, he is also the patron of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His symbols include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the caduceus. The analogous Roman deity is Mercury.
GB71725. Bronze AE 18, BMC Ionia 217, 105; SNG Cop 1038; SNGvA 7959; SNG München -, gVF, dark green patina, a little rough, weight 3.433 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, magistrate Pythis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Hermes right, wearing chlamys and petasos; reverse forepart of griffin right, Φ−Ω divided above body and forelegs, ΠYΘIΣ below; ex Roma Numismatics auction 4 (30 Sep 2012), lot 1681; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00



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Catalog current as of Sunday, February 26, 2017.
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