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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ Kingdoms of ThraceView Options:  |  |  | 

Kingdoms of Thrace

Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D., Augustus Reverse

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When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.
RP88895. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1718; Youroukova 194; BMC Thrace p. 209, 7; SNG Cop 1192; SNG Tüb 974; SNG Evelpidis 1124, VF, well centered, green patina, weight 4.515 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ POIMHTAΛKOY, diademed head of Rhoemetalces I right; reverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Augustus right; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachus, 305 - 281 B.C.

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Lysimachia was built by Lysimachus in 309 B.C. On the isthmus, it commanded the road from Sestos and mainland Thrace. To obtain inhabitants for his new city, Lysimachus destroyed neighboring Cardia and settled the inhabitants of it and other Chersonese cities here. Lysimachus made Lysimachia the capital of his kingdom and it must have rapidly risen to great splendor and prosperity. Lysimachus' earliest coinage was struck in the names of Alexander and Philip.
GB89363. Bronze 1/2 unit, SNG ANS 1002, Thompson Lysimachus -, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, dark patina, porous, weight 2.869 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 270o, Thracian Chersonese, Lysimachia (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, c. 306 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY curving above, youth on horseback right, ΛY lower left, facing lion head below horse's forelegs; very rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Scythian Kingdom of Thrace, Sparadokos, c. 464 - 435 B.C.

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The Sophia specimen referenced by Youroukova is the only other example of this variant known to Forum. The usual type, which is not rare, has the horse forepart left; see Topalov 63; Peter p.63, fig 2; SNG Stancomb 287; SNG Cop 1067; SNG Tübingen 951.
SH68734. Silver diobol, Youroukova 23 (= Sophia 4545), otherwise apparently unpublished and 2nd known with horse forepart right, VF, weight 1.163 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 45o, c. 464 - 435 B.C.; obverse ΣΠA, forepart of galloping horse left., large dot border; reverse eagle facing, wings spread, head right, snake in beak, within shallow incuse square; extremely rare variant; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
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Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
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Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
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Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
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Catalog current as of Saturday, July 20, 2019.
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Kingdoms of Thrace