, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.
Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the , guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. asked to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so could the task. returned but refused to take back his burden. , pretending to enjoy the task, convinced to hold the world while he made a pad of the skin. then ran away and never took back the task.RB69194. , 40, 14078, 150, VF, 7.382 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; FL VAL CONSTANTIVS , laureate right; , standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of in left, skin hanging from left elbow, ( ?) above arm and B below arm on right, ALE in ; $155.00 (€137.95)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from to migrate with his flock of converts to . They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.RL76990. light maiorina, 60, I 2820, 12, 18701, 18, -, aEF, on a , 4.832 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 0o, 1st , mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N CONSTA-NS , pearl diademed, draped, and left, celestial globe in right hand; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), Soldier advancing right, looking back, leading barbarian from hut under tree with right hand, spear in left, ALEA in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
, the god of outcomes, was originally worshiped by the Romans as a deity especially presiding over agriculture and successful harvests. During the Imperial era, he was associated with other types of success. The epithet Bonus, "the ," is used with other abstract deities such as ("Good Fortune"), Bona ("Good Thinking" or "Sound Mind"), and ("Good Hope," perhaps to be translated as "optimism"), as well as with the mysterious and multivalent Bona Dea, a goddess whose rites were celebrated by women.RS84448. Silver , 347 (R); p. 83, 321; 66; cf. 6267 ( ), VF, , porous, edge cracks, edge split, 2.509 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, mint, Feb - Aug 194 A.D.; IMP CAE L SEP SEV AVG, laureate right; , standing left, basket of fruit in right, stalks of grain downward at side in left; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL71430. , 28 (R1), 15226, 74, gVF, bold, green , centered on a , cleaning scratches, 3.378 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS , , draped, and right; (to the protector), standing left, on globe presenting in right hand, long eagle-topped vertical behind in left, at feet captive right and with in beak left, X/IIΓ right, SMALB in ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
In 194, marched with his army of 12 legions to and defeated , governor of , at the Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch where he was executed by Severus' troops.RS77483. Silver , S610, 144, S329, F, dark , scratches, edge cracks, 2.407 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, mint, 194 A.D.; IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped right; , standing slightly left, left, in right hand, in left hand; ; $70.00 (€62.30)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
In early in December 316, to ensure his loyalty, Licinius elevated , the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in , to the rank of . According to Petrus Patricius, when Constantine learned of this "The emperor made clear the extent of his rage by his facial expression and by the contortion of his body. Almost unable to speak, he said, 'We have not come to this present state of affairs, nor have we fought and triumphed from the ocean till where we have now arrived, just so that we should refuse to have our own brother-in-law as joint ruler because of his abominable behavior, and so that we should deny his close kinship, but accept that vile slave [ ] with him into imperial college.'" The treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at on 1 March, 317. Whether it was of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had executed.RL71429. , 18, 15248, 108, VF, 3.965 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 225o, 2nd , mint, 316 - 317 A.D.; IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS , laureate right; (to the protector of the two emperors), standing left, nude but for over left shoulder, on globe offering in right hand, long in left hand, with in beak at feet left, K left, / X / B right, ALE in ; (R1); $65.00 (€57.85)
, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus described a tsunami hitting and other places in the early hours of 21 July 365: "Slightly after daybreak, and heralded by a thick succession of fiercely shaken thunderbolts, the solidity of the whole earth was made to shake and shudder, and the sea was driven away, its waves were rolled back, and it disappeared, so that the abyss of the depths was uncovered and many-shaped varieties of sea-creatures were seen stuck in the slime; the great wastes of those valleys and mountains, which the very creation had dismissed beneath the vast whirlpools, at that moment, as it was given to be believed, looked up at the sun's rays. Many ships, then, were stranded as if on dry land, and people wandered at will about the paltry remains of the waters to collect fish and the like in their ; then the roaring sea as if insulted by its repulse rises back in turn, and through the teeming shoals dashed itself violently on islands and extensive tracts of the mainland, and flattened innumerable buildings in towns or wherever they were found. Thus in the raging conflict of the elements, the of the earth was changed to reveal wondrous sights. For the mass of waters returning when least expected killed many thousands by drowning, and with the tides whipped up to a height as they rushed back, some ships, after the anger of the watery element had grown old, were seen to have sunk, and the bodies of people killed in shipwrecks lay there, faces up or down. Other huge ships, thrust out by the mad blasts, perched on the roofs of houses, as happened at , and others were hurled nearly two miles from the , like the Laconian vessel near the town of Methone which I saw when I passed by, yawning apart from long decay." The tsunami was so devastating that was commemorated annually at the end of the 6th century in as a "day of horror." sent an investigator to assess the impact on taxes.RL79902. Bronze , 2(a)1 (S), II 2856, 19483, 21, -, Nice VF, and struck, nice green with reddish earthen highlighting, 2.897 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 90o, 1st , mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front; REIP, emperor standing facing, right, with X on banner in right hand, on globe offering in his left hand, ALEA in ; ; $60.00 (€53.40)
, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
3(a) and 5(a) are indistinguishable. 3(a) is dated 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367. 5(a) is dated 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375. It is possible that the was not continued into the later emission. All examples may actually be 3(a).RL76371. , 3(a) and 5a, II 2860 and 2862, 37, 19527, -, VF, , nice , 1.870 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, 4th , mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 (or until 17 Nov 375); D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), walking left, in right hand, frond in left hand, ALE∆ in ; $45.00 (€40.05)
, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn , even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of and was personified as the deity .RT77920. , 75, 73, 14567 224, F, green , , some light pitting, red earthen deposits, 5.284 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 180o, 3rd , mint, 308 A.D.; IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS , laureate right; (the courage of army), advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, over left shoulder in left hand, on left arm, cloak around right arm and flying behind, Γ right, P - R flanking low across , ALE in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $36.00 (€32.04)
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