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Monnaies grecques en Gaule, Le tresor d'Auriol et le monnayage de Massalia 525/520-460 a. J.-C.
Greek currency in Gaul. The Auriol Hoard and the coinage of Massalia 525/520 - 460 B.C. BK13582. Monnaies grecques en Gaule, Le tresor d'Auriol et le monnayage de Massalia 525/520-460 a. J.-C. by A. Furtwängler, TYPOS III, 1978, p. 336, 4 maps, 8 pages of diagrams, 44 plates, international shipping at actual cost; $200.00 (€170.00)
Julius Caesar and Octavian, Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., Vienne, Gaul
Vienne is in south-eastern France, 20 miles (32 km) south of Lyon, on the Rhone River. Before the arrival of the Roman armies under Julius Caesar, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges. RPC misspells the name, Vienna.
The denomination struck at Vienne was a dupondius and the type was frequently halved to make two asses.RP84883. Bronze cut half dupondius (as), cut half of RPC I 517, SNG Cop -, aF, nice green patina, marks, some corrosion, weight 8.042 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, Gaul, Vienne mint, 36 B.C.; obverse IMP / CAESARDIVI F DIVI IVLI, bare heads of Julius Caesar left [and Octavian right (off flan)]; reverse C I V (Colonia Iulia Viennensis), prow right with superstructure; $175.00 (€148.75)
Celtic, Central Gaul, Bituriges Cubi(?), 60 - 50 B.C.
This very raretype was issued by the Bituriges or is an imitative struck by their immediate neighbors.CE90080. Bronze AE 16, Missing from references held by Forum; CGB auction 28, lot 573; MONNAIES XXII 808, aVF, cut on obverse (in hair), weight 2.590 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 135o, obverse male head left, dot border; reverse male horse prancing left, VOC above with pellet in O, pellet in O below, dot border; ex Ancient Imports, ex German collection; very rare; $130.00 (€110.50)
Nemausus, Gaul, c. 40 B.C.
ColoniaNemausus was founded as a colony by TiberiusClaudiusNero in 45 or 44 B.C. for veterans that had served Julius Caesar under his command in Gaul and the invasion of Egypt. He was the first husband of Livia and was persuaded or forced by Octavian to divorce her. At the wedding he gave her in marriage to Octavian "just as a father would."RP85841. Bronze semis, RPC I 520, SNG Cop 692, SNG Munchen 431, CCCBM III 231, De la Tour 2735, VF, green patina, scratches, tight flan, earthen encrustation, weight 1.760 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, c. 40 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust right, S (mark of value) behind; reverseSalus standing half left, patera in right hand, over two snakes, left elbow on column behind, NEM COL (downward on right); ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $125.00 (€106.25)
Celtic, Senones, Gaul (Area of Sens, France), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
In about 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forlì to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded Etruria and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with Julius Caesar, brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their king. In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Drappes threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).CE85976. Cast potin, CCCBM III 433 & S459, Delestrée-Tache 2645, De La Tour 7445, ScheersTraité 793, Scheers S-M 384, VF, weight 2.892 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, obversehead right, with wild hair; reverseboar standing right, three pellets below; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
Nemausus, Gaul, c. 40 B.C.
ColoniaNemausus was founded as a colony by TiberiusClaudiusNero in 45 or 44 B.C. for veterans that had served Julius Caesar under his command in Gaul and the invasion of Egypt. He was the first husband of Livia and was persuaded or forced by Octavian to divorce her. At the wedding he gave her in marriage to Octavian "just as a father would."RP74283. Brass semis, RPC I 520, SNG Cop 692, SNG Munchen 431, CCCBM III 231, De la Tour 2735, VF, weight 2.108 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 270o, Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, c. 40 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse NEM COL (downward on right), Salus standing half left, patera in right hand, over two snakes, left elbow on column behind; $70.00 (€59.50)
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