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From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by the great Seleukid or Ptolemaic Kingdoms.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.GP88102. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE B456, Svoronos 1153 (4 spec.), BMC Ptolemies -; Weiser -; SNG Cop -, Noeske -, SNG Milan -, Malter -, aVF, scratches, weak reverse strike, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, slightly beveled obverse edge, central cavities, weight 10.556 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, club left, ΣE monogram between legs; scarce; $100.00 (Ä85.00)
Between 320 and 318 B.C., Ptolemy I, then Satrap of Egypt, took advantage of the dissent among his rivals and secured the area of Palestine.
Click here to read about Joppa on Bob Baird's Ancient RoutesSH09008. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 461, Svoronos 799-800, VF, weight 14.02 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Judaea, Joppa mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, IOΠ monogram left, LA monogram and Θ right, A between eagle's legs; artistic, high-relief portrait, partially uncleaned; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Accho, Galilee
Greek historians refer to the city as Ake, meaning "cure." According to Greek myth, Herakles found curative herbs here to heal his wounds.
In the Bible, (Judges 1:31), Akko is one of the places from which the Israelites did not drive out the Canaanites. It was in the territory of the tribe of Asher.GS37610. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3293, MŁller Alexander -, VF, weight 17.103 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 309 - 308 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Phoenician date (year 37) under right arm; SOLD