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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Jewish Revolts ▸ Bar KochbaView Options:  |  |  | 

Second Jewish Revolt - "Bar Kochba" Uprising, 133 - 135 A.D.

Simon Bar Kochba led a rebellion against Rome from 133 - 135 A.D. This Second Jewish Revolt or "Bar Kochbah" uprising ended with Hadrian's destruction of Jerusalem, the founding of "Aelia Capitolina" on the site, and dispersal of the Jews throughout the Roman Empire.


Judaea, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.

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In 134, the Romans captured Jerusalem. Simon bar Kokhba was killed in 135, at Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed Colonia Aelia Capitolina. Legio VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An altar to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although, resistance continued in Galilee, the Jewish diaspora began as Emperor Hadrian barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD84994. Bronze AE 26, Mildenberg 77; SNG ANS 530; BMC Palestine p. 307, 38; Hendin 1408a; Meshorer TJC 259b, F, uneven strike, small edge crack, porous, weight 7.954 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, year 2 (133 - 134 A.D.); obverse seven branched palm tree with two bunches of dates, Paleo-Hebrew inscription: "Shimon" flanking trunk; reverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: "Year 2 of the freedom of Israel", five-lobed vine-leaf, hanging from tendril; $250.00 (Ä222.50)


Judaea, Bar Kochba War, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Traces of the undertype are present on the obverse circle of dots.
SH28931. Silver zuz, Hendin 1416, EF, weight 3.313 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Judaean mint, undated year 3, 134 - 135 A.D.; obverse Shim'on (in Hebrew) within wreath of thin branches wrapped around eight almonds, medallion at the top, tendrils at the bottom; reverse For the freedom of Jerusalem (in Hebrew), palm-branch; toned; SOLD


Judaea, Bar Kokhba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Traces of the undertype bust and obverse legend are visible on the reverse.
SH63938. Silver zuz, Mildenberg p. 255, 161 (O21/R81); Hendin 1433; TJC 285. AJC II 275, 68; overstruck on a Roman denarius or drachm of Trajan(?), VF, weight 3.484 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, undated third year, 134 - 135 A.D.; obverse paleo-Hebrew inscription: Simon, bunch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch, which has a tendril to the left and a leaf to the right; part of undertype legend visible, 6:00 - 8:00 (GER?); reverse paleo-Hebrew inscription: for the freedom of Jerusalem, fluted jug, handle on left, willow branch on right; ex Gemini; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Mattingly H. and E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol II, Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Seaby, H. and R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume II, Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Two, The Accesson of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London: Spink, 2002).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (1978).
Superior Galleries and Leu Numismatics Ltd. The Abraham Bromberg Collection of Jewish Coins. Catalogs of public auctions, New York, 5 Dec 1991 and 10 Dec 1992.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the Amercian Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Sunday, September 24, 2017.
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Second Jewish Revolt - "Bar Kochba"