, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
expanded the size and influence of the but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.SH85135. Gold , pl. 75, 63 (D31/R52), 251 (also same dies), 523, aEF, , sculptural high relief die, some mint luster, very light marks, 8.572 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 315o, Amphipolis mint, 340/336 - 328 B.C.; laureate of right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, charioteer driving a racing right, wearing a , in right hand, reins in his left hand, ivy leaf right below horses; $4000.00 (€3560.00)
, , Mid 2nd Century B.C.
At the time this coin was issued, was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its , glassware, and oysters. Today it is perhaps best known for these beautiful tetradrachms!GS85155. Silver , stephanophoric; 30, 8, 2530, 7946, -, -, -, -, -, aEF, attractive , broad , nice , slight double strike on , center not fully struck on , 16.320 g, maximum 32.3 mm, 0o, mint, c. 155 - 145 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling three long curls over shoulder, ribbons flowing behind; MYPINAIΩN, Grynios advancing right, in right hand, laurel branch with fillets in left hand, and at feet, three to left, all within laurel ; ex Marion Stinton Collection; $800.00 (€712.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of , all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of , of , Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.SH63582. Silver , 597; 2375; 280; 891; 2913; p. 185, 5 ff.; 6608; 4966, aVF, porous, 6.541 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; of facing slightly right; ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, standing right, (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped vertical in left; $400.00 (€356.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, , VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. 3668; 4054; 596, VF, , obscure on , 9.924 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right , OMONOYA in ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Kyrene, Kyrenaica, , Ptolemaic Rule, c. 300 - 275 B.C.
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. , Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.GS75115. Silver , pl. XXV, 8 (plates only, missing from text); -; -; -, gVF, , scratches, 0.419 g, maximum 9.3 mm, Kyrene mint, Magas, as Ptolemaic governor, c. 300 - 275 B.C.; diademed male right; of eight narrow rays around central pellet; ex Numismatics E-sale 17 (April 2015), lot 375; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, , Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.
Apollo's most famous attribute is the tripod, the symbol of his prophetic powers. It was in the guise of a that brought priests from to , explaining Apollo's cult title "Delphinios" and the name of the town. He dedicated a bronze tripod to the sanctuary and bestowed divine powers on one of the priestesses, and she became known as the "Pythia." It was she who inhaled the hallucinating vapors from the fissure in the temple floor, while she sat on a tripod chewing laurel leaves. After she mumbled her answer, a male priest would translate it for the supplicant.GI76347. Bronze AE 13, II p. 419, 212 DS 41; 894; 1079; 1523 (R1, Agathokles, c. 310 - 305 B.C.); -, Nice VF, nice , attractive green , 1.544 g, maximum 12.7 mm, 150o, mint, Roman rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; laureate of left, (control symbol) behind; with paw feet, three loop handles above the , surmounted by the Pythia's seat, ΣYPAKO/ΣIΩN in two downward lines, starting on right; $250.00 (€222.50)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious and cited him as an example of those who by their crimes come to be princes. According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76940. Bronze AE 13, cf. II p. 284, 149 R1 6 (controls, Timoleon); 744 (same); 748 (same); 1525 (R1); -; -, -, VF, , green , some corrosion, 1.877 g, maximum 12.9 mm, 90o, mint, c. 295 - 289 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣION, laureate of left, behind; dog seated left, looking back right at tail?, Y (control letter) above, A (control letter) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Vibo (Hipponion), , Italy, c. 192 - 89 B.C.
Vibo was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion. It was founded, probably around the late 7th century B.C., by inhabitants of Locri, a city south of Vibo on the Sea. In 388 B.C., the city was taken by Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of , who deported the entire population. The population came back in 378 B.C., with the of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii. The town fell to and became a Roman colony in 194 B.C. with the name of Vibo . After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.GI76947. Bronze , 494; 1856; 1395; 510; p. 363, 31; 2266; -, VF, nice green , slightly off-center, bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, 1.999 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 135o, Vibo mint, c. 192 - 89 B.C.; laureate of right, two pellets (mark of value) behind; , , two pellets (mark of value) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, sounds like Marcius.
found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged to a musical contest. won by singing to the music of his . As a just punishment for his presumption, flayed alive. His blood was the source of the river , and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver , 281, 737, 363/1, 24, VF, nice , attractive , 3.650 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 45o, mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right; the satyr standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L· before, a column topped with behind; ; $245.00 (€218.05)
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