, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1130.00 (€1005.70)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $1120.00 (€996.80)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very ; $990.00 (€881.10)
, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.
The only other example of this variant known to is CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (misdescribed as an ordinary 1270). All other examples have the K below the H on the left, vice below the Λ on the right. Even the "normal" 1270 is missing from the Dumbarton Oaks collection ( 33 refs the coin) and described by as an extreme rarity.
The can probably be read to mean, "God-bearer [the ] Justinian."
SH73338. Bronze , CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (described as 1270); cf. 1270, 81, 33, 15/Ct/AE/03, 56 (all K below H left), gVF, 3.187 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, mint, 1st reign, c. 694 - 695 A.D.(?); no , Justinian standing facing, wearing crown with and , in right, in left, cruciform (ΘEOTOKE BOHΘEI?) left, cruciform Justinian right; no , large M (40 nummi), above, H (year 8?) left, Λ over K right, KΓω in ; extreme rarity, 2nd known; $940.00 (€836.60)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $810.00 (€720.90)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
This half-follis of was first identified and published by S. J. , in "A New Coin of the Emperor Leontius" in , Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.BZ73337. Bronze half , , S. J., A New Coin of the Emperor in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; 2 -; -, -, -, -, F, rough green , 2.806 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 180o, mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; half length facing with short beard, wearing crown with and with pelleted lozenge pattern, in right, in left; large K (40 nummi), cruciform ( 5) above, left, I (year 1) right, SCL in ; great rarity, 2nd known; $630.00 (€560.70)
, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
In "Le trésor de Nikertai" in Revue Belge de 118 (1972), writes that this mark is horizontal, perpendicular to the rest of the , and indicates the 7th (a reversed Z, not an H). lists the coin 146, described by as 7th , as his only example from the H (8th) . The 8th probably did not strike this variant with an I in the right . & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung Auction 196, lot 3100, was struck with the same dies in a similar state of wear.SH69990. Gold , 146; 13 (Z) and 14 (H); 11.10; 739; - ( 14, not listed); -, -, -, VF, worn dies, 4.431 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 225o, 7th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; hERACLIVS Et CONSt PP A, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with on circlet, between them above; AVGu Z ( of the Emperor, 7th , Z reversed), on three steps, I right, in ; ; $470.00 (€418.30)
Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.BZ84239. Bronze half , 245, 67, 186, 112, 1214, -, VF, green , rough, 2.566 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; helmeted and facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; large K, above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and . Angels are all male. ( ) is female. On coinage, the male angel replaced the female after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.SH83909. Gold , 7/Cp/AV/10, 1002, 5h (8th missing from collection, cites ), 6, 7.5, 478, VF, , weak centers, struck with worn dies, 4.343 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 180o, 8th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and facing, in right hand, fold of over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and ; VICTORI-A AVCC H, angel standing facing, ( ) topped staff in right hand, in left hand, in ; from the Robert Wachter Collection, ex Rudnik Numismatics; $450.00 (€400.50)
, , 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
The last recorded act of the Senate of the Western Roman Empire in Rome was to acclaimed new of Emperor Phocas and Empress Leontia in 603. The institution must have vanished by 630 when the Curia was transformed into a by Pope I. The Senate at Constantinople continued to exist in the Eastern Roman Empire's capital until at least the mid-14th century when the ancient institution finally vanished from history.SH83916. Gold , 1, 5c; 8/Cp/AV/3; 4; 1191; 7; 9.6; 618; -, gVF, , scratches on , die wear and crack, 4.478 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 225o, 3rd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 603 - 607 A.D.; o N AVC, facing, bearded, wearing , , and crown with on circlet and without , in right hand; AVCC Γ ( of the two emperors), angel standing facing, (cruciform Christ ) staff in right hand, in left hand, in ; $450.00 (€400.50)
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