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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Tanit||View Options:  |  |  | 

Tanit

Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 229 - 221 B.C.

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The Second Punic War, 218 - 201 B.C., is most remembered for Hannibal's crossing of the Alps, followed by his crushing victories over Rome in the battle of the Trebia, at Trasimene, and again at Cannae. After these defeats, many Roman allies joined Carthage, prolonging the war in Italy for over a decade. Against Hannibal's skill on the battlefield, the Romans deployed the Fabian strategy. More capable in siegecraft, the Romans recaptured all the major cities that had defected. The Romans defeated an attempt to reinforce Hannibal at the battle of the Metaurus and, in Iberia, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major took New Carthage and ended Carthaginian rule over Iberia in the Battle of Ilipa. The final showdown was the Battle of Zama in Africa where Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, resulting in the imposition of harsh peace conditions on Carthage, which ceased to be a major power and became a Roman client-state.Hannibal's route of invasion

GS92184. Silver shekel, Viola CNP 134, MŁller Afrique 126, SNG Cop VIII 291, Macdonald Hunter 67, Villaronga NAH 201, Villaronga CNH 25, VF, toned, bumps and scratches, reverse a little off center, scattered porosity, small edge split, overstruck(?), weight 7.278 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 215o, Carthage mint, 229 - 221 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit-Kore left, hair wreathed with grain; reverse horse prancing right on short exergue line, star above with eight rays around central pellet; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher); scarce; $1480.00 SALE |PRICE| $1332.00


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.

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In 278 B.C., envoys from the Sicilian cities of Agrigentum, Syracuse, and Leontini asked Pyrrhus for military aid to remove the Carthaginian dominance over that island. With an army of 20,000 infantry, 3,000 cavalry, 20 war elephants, and some 200 ships, Pyrrhus defeated the Carthaginian forces and captured the city-fortress of Eryx. Carthage sued for peace, but Pyrrhus demanded Carthage renounce its claims on Sicily entirely. Pyrrhus set his sights on conquering Carthage itself, and began outfitting an expedition. However, his ruthless treatment of the Sicilian cities and his execution of two Sicilian rulers led to such animosity that he was forced out of Sicily and abandoned his plan.
GI91726. Bronze AE 21, Viola CNP 252f, Alexandropoulos 57h, SNG Cop 164, MŁller Afrique 276, VF, obverse flatly struck, off center, flan casting sprue remnant, weight 4.742 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 270o, Sardinian(?) mint, 300 - 264 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Tanit left wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earring, and necklace; reverse horse's head right, pellet before; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00 ON RESERVE


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.

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In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.

Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.
SH57451. Electrum stater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 266 (same dies), Alexandropoulos 12, SNG Cop 136, gVF, marks, weight 7.532 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on exergual line, nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Sunday, January 26, 2020.
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Tanit