, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
During mummification, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.RX79882. , 1059; 851; 1310; p. 75, 633; 32.253; 828, aVF, slightly off-center, right side of unstruck, areas of corrosion, 13.213 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 123 - 28 Aug 124 A.D.; AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate right, wearing ; Canopus (jar) of wearing crown of horns and disk, on breast, L - H (year 8) across fields; $120.00 (€106.80)
Katane, , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
This was probably first struck, in , in the 3rd century, probably shortly before Roman rule was established in 212 B.C. This and some other examples, appear to be of a later issue, struck under Roman rule, imitating the earlier , but with a cruder . Despite HGC listing it only as , both the finer and this cruder appear to be very .GI76589. Bronze AE 18, III p. 108 - 109, 22; 191; 1277; 489; cf. 609 (S, finer , earlier?), F, crude late , 3.965 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, Katane mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; heads right of (nearer), both wearing a simplified headdress, ear of barley behind; KATANAIΩN, standing half left, nude but for over arms, laurel branch in his right hand, bow in his left hand, left forearm resting on pillar, quiver and at feet on left; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
Catania, on the east coast of between Messina and , has been repeatedly damaged and even destroyed by catastrophic earthquakes and eruptions from Mount Etna, yet it prospers. Today, Catania is an economic, tourism, and education center, and an important hub of industry, nicknamed the "European Silicon Valley."GB65645. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 112, 26; 1284; 194; p. 52, 66 (hexas), VF, nice for the , green , 3.590 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of left, behind neck; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , dove in extended right hand, II (2 chalkoi) right; ; $75.00 (€66.75)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, III and Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.
After Ptolemy died in 116 B.C., III ruled with her mother II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.GP66505. Bronze AE 12, 1720 (Ptolemy X), 171, 541, -, -, VF, 1.376 g, maximum 12.1 mm, 45o, Kyrene mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (beginning at 5:00), headdress of , E-W/Θ−Σ across fields; $44.00 (€39.16)
Kyrene, Kyrenaica, , c. 120 - 96 B.C.
From the time of the late reign of Ptolemy to that of Ptolemy Apion. Ptolemy Apion was a son of Ptolemy , perhaps by an Egyptian concubine. This makes him a half-brother of Ptolemy IX and X. He died without an heir and left his kingdom to Rome.GB65943. Bronze , cf. Pl. XLVI, 23 - 25 (Ptolemy V), 438 (Ptolemy IV - , c. 221 - 140 B.C.), VF, green , encrusted, 7.654 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 120 - 96 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy right with ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, of right, hair in formal curls down neck, below chin; $32.00 (€28.48)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, III and Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 116 - c. 110 B.C.
After Ptolemy died in 116 B.C., III ruled with her mother II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.GP62411. Bronze AE 14, cf. 1845; 378; 685, 392, -, F, 1.923 g, maximum 13.6 mm, 0o, Kyrene mint, 116 - c. 110 B.C.; horned of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing diadem; ΠTOΛE BAΣIΛE ΣΩTH (or similar), headdress of ; $25.00 (€22.25)
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