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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Provincial ▸ Roman Judea and PalestinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Judea and Palestina

Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 40 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for judgment. "Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing...And mocking him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate." (Luke 23:7-15)

All the coins of Antipas are rare and very rare in nice condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear. The coins were minted in Tiberias, a capital city founded by Antipas c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius.
JD87408. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1212, Meshorer TJC 88, RPC I 4931, aVF, dark patina with earthen encrustation, weight 18 g, maximum diameter 4.62 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias, the mint) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HΠΩ∆OY TETPAPΞOY, palm branch, L - ΛZ (year 37) across fields; ex CNG e-auction 425 (25 Jul 2018), lot 224; rare; $440.00 (374.00)


Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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LT67273. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $270.00 (229.50)


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, 55 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Domitian

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A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. He ruled until at least 95 A.D. but in Syria, not Judaea.
RP85809. Bronze half unit, Meshorer AJC II 37a (same dies); Sofaer 233 (same); RPC II 2279; Hendin 1285a; BMC Palestine p. 245, 46; SNG ANS 311; Meshorer TJC 165a, VF, nice green patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, obverse slightly off center, weight 8.117 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas mint, 86 - 87 A.D.; obverse ∆OMITIANOC KAICAP, laureate bust of Domitian right; reverse ETO Kς BA - AΓPIΠΠA (year 26, King Agrippa), Victory standing right, nude to waist, inscribing shield resting on left knee, ∆O on shield, left foot on crested helmet, star upper right; ex Tom Cederlind with his tag; scarce; $250.00 (212.50)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria

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Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
RP86862. Bronze AE 26, Hendin 1454, Meshorer TJC 391, RPC II 2304, Sofaer 25, F, scratches, earthen encrustations, weight 16.331 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head left; reverse Minerva standing right on galley with owl on prow, shield on left arm, brandishing spear downward in right hand, trophy of captured arms behind, palm frond right, no legend; $180.00 (153.00)


Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria

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Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE CVP, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $150.00 (127.50)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea, Judaea

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This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. Caesarea, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
RP86864. Bronze AE 20, RPC II 2309, Hendin 1460, Meshorer TJC 390, SNG ANS 499, F, bumps and scratches, a little rough, weight 6.731 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMIT AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverse VICTOR AVG (the victory of the Emperor), trophy of captured arms; scarce; $140.00 (119.00)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria

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Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after Caesar Augustus.

The abbreviated reverse legend stands for Colonia Iulia Flavia Augusta Felix Caesarensis Caesarea Metropolis.
RP86868. Bronze AE 21, cf. Rosenberger 91, Kadman 97, SNG ANS 806, SNG Lewis 1837, SGICV 3374, aF, earthen encrustation, bumps and marks, tight flan, legends almost entirely off flan or unstruck, weight 5.156 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, obverse IMP C SEV ALEXANDROS (or similar, entirely unstruck or off flan), laureate head right; reverse C I F A F C CAE METROPOLIS (or similar, blundered and mostly off flan), Ƨ P Q R (blundered, Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People) within wreath supported by eagle facing with wings open; rare blundered variety; $55.00 (46.75)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Rabbathmoba, Arabia

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Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
RP72140. Bronze AE 24, Spijkerman 29b; BMC Arabia, p. 44, 5 var. (date P − ∆); Rosenberger 15 var. (same); SNG ANS -; Sofaer -, aF, green highlighting patina, porous, weight 8.987 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rabbathmoba (near Kerak, Jordan) mint, 209 - 210 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC ANTΩNINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PABAΘMOVBHNΩN, Poseidon standing left, nude, foot on prow, dolphin in right, trident vertical behind in left, ∆ − P (year 104) divided across field; $45.00 (38.25)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Judaea

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Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was founded by Herod the Great and named for Caesar Augustus. It was the seat of the Roman procurators and the Roman military headquarters in Judaea. The Pilate Stone, discovered here in 1961, is only archaeological find that names Pontius Pilate, by whose order Jesus was crucified. After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., Caesarea was the provincial capital of the Judaea Province. Well into Byzantine times, Caesarea remained the capital. In the 630s, Arab Muslim armies took the region, but kept Caesarea as its administrative center until early 8th century. Caesarea's ruins are a national park on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa.
JD79718. Bronze AE 21, cf. Kadman Caesarea 96, Rosenberger 89; SNG ANS 807, VF, dark patina, centered on a tight flan, bumps and marks, legends partly off flan and obscure, weight 7.938 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Judaea, Caesarea Maritima mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse IMP C SEV ALE-XAND (or similar), laureate and draped bust right; reverse C I F AV F C CAE METROP (Colonia Iulia Flavia Augusta Felix Caesarensis Caesarea Metropolis), S P Q R (Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People) within wreath supported by eagle; $45.00 (38.25)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria

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Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel, the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
RP86855. Bronze AE 19, RPC II 2220 (20 spec.); BMC Palestine p. 46, 13; Rosenberger III 5; SNG ANS 962; Sofaer 4; Lindgren-Kovaks 2430, F, rough, slightly off center on a tight flan, weight 5.739 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis mint, 82 - 83 A.D.; obverse AVTOK ∆OMITIANOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBA (Emperor Domitian, caesar, augustus), laureate head right; reverse date palm tree with two bunches of fruit, ΦΛA-OVI / NEA-ΠOΛI / ΣA-MA / L - AI (Flavia Neapolis, Samaria, year 11) in four lines across field; $40.00 (34.00)







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REFERENCES

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Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
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Meshorer, Y. "One Hundred Ninety Years of Tyrian Shekels" in Studies Mildenberg.
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Mildenberg, L. "Yehud: A Preliminary Study of the Provincial Coinage of Judaea" in Essays Thompson. (Wetteren, 1979).
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Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. III: City-Coins of Palestine: Hipos-Sussita, Neapolis, Nicopolis, Nysa-Scytopolis, Caesarea-Panias, Pelusium, Raphia, Sabaste, Sepphoris-Diocaesarea, Tiberias. (Jerusalem, 1977).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Thursday, October 18, 2018.
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Roman Judea and Palestina