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Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 40 A.D.
Pontius Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for judgment. "Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing...And mocking him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate." (Luke 23:7-15)
All the coins of Antipas are rare and very rare in nice condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear. The coins were minted in Tiberias, a capital city founded by Antipas c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius. JD87408. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1212, Meshorer TJC 88, RPC I 4931, aVF, dark patina with earthen encrustation, weight 18 g, maximum diameter 4.62 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias, the mint) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HΠΩ∆OY TETPAPΞOY, palm branch, L - ΛZ (year 37) across fields; ex CNG e-auction 425 (25 Jul 2018), lot 224; rare; $440.00 (€374.00)
Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.
LT67273. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (KingAgrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $300.00 (€255.00)
Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, 55 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Domitian
A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. He ruled until at least 95 A.D. but in Syria, not Judaea.RP85809. Bronze half unit, Meshorer AJC II 37a (same dies); Sofaer 233 (same); RPC II 2279; Hendin 1285a; BMC Palestine p. 245, 46; SNG ANS 311; Meshorer TJC 165a, VF, nice green patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, obverse slightly off center, weight 8.117 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, CaesareaPaneas mint, 86 - 87 A.D.; obverse ∆OMITIANOC KAICAP, laureate bust of Domitian right; reverse ETO Kς BA - AΓPIΠΠA (year 26, KingAgrippa), Victory standing right, nude to waist, inscribing shield resting on left knee, ∆O on shield, left foot on crested helmet, star upper right; ex Tom Cederlind with his tag; scarce; $250.00 (€212.50)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and KingAgrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)RP86862. Bronze AE 26, Hendin 1454, Meshorer TJC 391, RPC II 2304, Sofaer 25, F, scratches, earthen encrustations, weight 16.331 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head left; reverseMinerva standing right on galley with owl on prow, shield on left arm, brandishing spear downward in right hand, trophy of captured arms behind, palm frond right, no legend; $200.00 (€170.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea, Judaea
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. Caesarea, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").RP86864. Bronze AE 20, RPC II 2309, Hendin 1460, Meshorer TJC 390, SNG ANS 499, F, bumps and scratches, a little rough, weight 6.731 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMIT AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverseVICTOR AVG (the victory of the Emperor), trophy of captured arms; scarce; $160.00 (€136.00)
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $150.00 (€127.50)
Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. JD72800. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, aF, desert patina, reverse off center, weight 2.208 g, maximum diameter 15.918 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $90.00 (€76.50)
Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.
Herod the Great, a Roman client king of Judea, has been described as a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis, prepared to commit any crime in order to gratify his unbounded ambition, and as the greatest builder in Jewish history. He is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including his expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, the construction of the port at Caesarea Maritima, the fortress at Masada and Herodium. Vital details of his life are recorded in the works of the 1st century Roman-Jewish historian Josephus.JD86529. Bronze 2 prutot, Hendin 1178a, Meshorer TJC 49, Sofaer Collection 19, RPC I 4905 var. (closed diadem), weight 2.187 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (of King Herod), cross surrounded by open diadem; reverse tripod table, flat object upon it, flanked by palm branches; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; $85.00 (€72.25)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia
The Philistines conquered Canaanite Ashkelon about 1150 B.C. and it became one of the five Philistine cities that were constantly warring with the Israelites and the Kingdom of Judah. The last of the Philistine cities to hold out against Nebuchadnezzar, it finally fell in 604 B.C.; burned and destroyed, its people exiled, the Philistine era ended. Ashkelon was rebuilt, dominated by Persian culture. After the Alexander's conquest, Ashkelon was an important Hellenistic seaport. The Jews drove the Greeks out of the region during the Maccabean Revolt, which lasted from 167 to 160 B.C. In 63 B.C. the area was incorporated into the Roman Republic. Cleopatra VII used Ashkelon as her refuge when her brother and sister exiled her in 49 B.C. The city remained loyal to Rome during the First Jewish Revolt.BB75619. Bronze AE 18, Sofaer Collection 82; Rosenberger 116; RPC II 2213; BMC Palestine p. 122, 129; SNG ANS -, F, some corrosion, weight 7.108 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse laureate head left, CE downward on left; reverse Phanebal standing facing, wearing military dress, raising sword above head in right hand, shield and palm frond in left hand, ΘΠP (year 189 of the Ascalon Era) downward on left, AC upward on right; rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria
Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after CaesarAugustus.
The abbreviated reverselegend stands for Colonia Iulia Flavia Augusta Felix Caesarensis CaesareaMetropolis. RP86868. Bronze AE 21, cf. Rosenberger 91, Kadman 97, SNG ANS 806, SNG Lewis 1837, SGICV 3374, aF, earthen encrustation, bumps and marks, tight flan, legends almost entirely off flan or unstruck, weight 5.156 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, obverse IMP C SEV ALEXANDROS (or similar, entirely unstruck or off flan), laureate head right; reverseC I F A F C CAE METROPOLIS (or similar, blundered and mostly off flan), Ƨ P Q R (blundered, Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People) within wreath supported by eagle facing with wings open; rare blundered variety; $55.00 (€46.75)
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