, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Egyptian, 12 1/2" Standing Lady Figure, 26th - 30th Dynasty, 664 - 342 B.C.
In ancient , both sexes wore robes called kalasiris by Herodotus. Material and cut varied over the centuries, though the cloth of was always linen. The kalasiris women wore might cover one or both shoulders or be worn with shoulder straps. They covered the breasts most of the time, though there were periods when fashion left them bare. While the top could reach anywhere from below the breast up to the neck, the bottom hem generally touched the calves or even the ankles. Some had short sleeves, others were sleeveless. The fit might be very tight or quite loose. They were often worn with a belt which held together the folds of cloth. -- http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/timelines/topics/clothing.htmAB34111. Large lady figure; 31.5 cm (12 1/2") tall; original gesso and polychrome pigment; arms missing (originally separate pegged pieces), feet missing, near , $870.00 (€774.30)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.SH79967. Bronze AE 24, III 645, 1170, 980, -, -, -, -, F, green , pitting, 9.487 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped right; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left, in right hand; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waived and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, Augusta 220 and 221 - 222 A.D.
was the second and fourth wife of . She was a Virgin and was the high priest of the sun-god Heliogabal. held parallel marriage ceremonies; married and Heliogabal married . This was extremely offensive to the Romans since Virgins were prohibited from marriage during their 30-year vow of chastity. and , as well as Heliogabal and , were divorced in order to restore public confidence and was quickly remarried. However, divorced his third wife within a few months and remarried . Returning to sealed his fate. and his mother were murdered; their bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown in the .RS79623. Silver , E228 (R), 6, E337, 7680, -, VF, porous, edge cracks, slightly off center , 2.590 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; IVLIA AQVILIA AVG, draped right, bare, neatly waved and fastened in a queue at the back; , and standing facing one another, clasping , she wears a , with a fold of drapery over her arm, he holds a in his left hand, between them below ; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
and , 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos,
was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of and . They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while was away in , even though she was married to the emperor, married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and driven to suicide.SH74280. Bronze AE 20, 1001 (rev ending ) or 1002, 214 ( ) or 212, -, -, aVF, crowded , 4.393 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Knossos mint, Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG , of left; [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE ] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of off ), draped of right; extremely ; $430.00 (€382.70)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
In Roman religion, was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a (sacrificial ), a (symbol of prosperity), or a (symbol of peace).RB26685. , AP1368, AP2198, 50, 22, 4710, VF, 19.689 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, struck under , 157 - 161 A.D.; FAVSTINA , draped right, hair wavy and drawn back into at back; , standing left, in extended right, in left hand, across below center; $360.00 (€320.40)
, Augusta c. 79 - 89 A.D.
was the daughter of the emperor , and although married, she had an affair with her uncle . In 83 A.D., divorced his wife and lived openly with her. It has been said that she died because forced her to have an abortion but modern research indicates this allegation is false.SH72986. Silver , 14; 141; , 1, 56; p. 275, 1; 106; 2612, F, slightly , 3.030 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 79 - 81 A.D.; IVLIA TITI , diademed and draped right, hair in a long plait in back; , standing right, viewed from behind, nude to the hips, right knee bent, leaning with left elbow and forearm on column, transverse spear on far side in left hand, raising up helmet in right hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection collection, ex Zuzim (2012); only the second example of this handled by ; ; $340.00 (€302.60)
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